Fréron, Élie Catherine
|born on||20 January 1718 at 19:30 (= 7:30 PM )|
|Place||Quimper, France, 48n0, 4w06|
|Timezone||LMT m4w06 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||00°32' 26°33 Asc. 02°22'|
French critic and controversialist whose career focused on countering the influence of the philosophes of the French Enlightenment, partly thorough his vehicle, the Année littéraire. Thus Fréron, in recruiting young writers to counter the literary Establishment became central to the movement now called the Counter-Enlightenment.
He was educated by the Jesuits. He made such rapid academic progress that he was appointed professor at the college of Louis-le-Grand before he turned twenty. He became a contributor to the Observations sur les écrits modernes of the abbé Guyot Desfontaines. The very fact of his collaboration with Desfontaines, one of Voltaire's bitterest enemies, was sufficient to arouse the latter's hostility, and although Fréron had begun his career as one of his admirers, his attitude towards Voltaire soon changed.
Fréron in 1746 founded a similar journal of his own, Lettres de la Comtesse de .... It was suppressed in 1749, but he immediately replaced it by Lettres sur quelques écrits de ce temps, which, with the exception of a short suspension in 1752, on account of an attack on the character of Voltaire, was continued till 1754, when it was succeeded by the more ambitious Année littéraire. His death at Paris on 10 March 1776 is said to have been hastened by the temporary suppression of this journal.
- opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Voltaire (born 21 November 1694 (greg.))
Sy Scholfield cites birth certificate quoted in "Bulletin de la Société archéologique du Finistère, Vol. 12" (La Société., 1885), p. 306: "Il se trouve à la première page du registre de Saint-Ronan pour 1718. « L'an mil sept cent-dix-huit, le vingt-et-quattriesme du mois de janvier, a esté baptisé dans l'esglise de Saint-Corentin, cathédrale de ... du sieur Dean, marchand drapier à Quimper ; l'enfant né le vingtiesme du présent mois, environ les sept à huit heures du soir, et ont signé avec nous."
Born between seven and eight o'clock at night.
- Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist
- Vocation : Writers : Critic
- Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor