|born on||2 April 1891 at 10:30 (= 10:30 AM )|
|Place||Brühl, Germany, 50n48, 6e54|
|Timezone||LMT m6e54 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||12°23' 14°15 Asc. 16°53'|
German-French artist and a protégé of Andre Breton. Slender and handsome, Ernst pioneered the research of textural surfaces and graphic surrealist collage. He was not considered a naturally excellent painter, though he did produce a few great canvases such as the comic, ominous "Celebes" in 1921. He liked to experiment with exotic painting techniques, and his work tended to juxtapose images in the same way that thinkers can juxtapose thoughts. While a philosophy student, he was overwhelmed with Cézanne and van Gogh, and first painted as an impressionist in 1911.
He met Hans Arp in 1914 and they became friends and sometimes collaborators. At the outbreak of World War I, he was living as an artist in Paris, but chose to return to Germany where he served in WW I. He later said that he died on 8/01/1914, and was reborn on 11/11/1918. (Actually, his only war wounds came from a rifle recoil and a mule's kick.) After the War, he began collage and surrealistic works and was active in the German Dada Movement. When Breton, the Parisian chief instigator of surrealism received some collages from Ernst in 1921, he said that they "moved us in a way we never experienced again."
At heart, Ernst was a collage maker, experimenting with, among other things, old wood-engraving blocks. He remained a surrealist for his whole life. He also did sculptor and created a series of books of drawings as well as many writings. His work in the '20s and '30s was inventive and haunting, one of the great masters of that period.
Ernst moved to the U.S. and became a naturalized citizen in 1958, marrying several times. He died in Paris on 4/01/1976.
- associate relationship with Baargeld, Johannes Theodor (born 9 October 1892)
- associate relationship with Ey, Johanna (born 4 March 1864)
- associate relationship with Giacometti, Alberto (born 10 October 1901)
- friend relationship with Arp, Hans (born 16 September 1886)
- spouse relationship with Guggenheim, Peggy (born 26 August 1898). Notes: 1941-1946
- has other family relationship with Guggenheim, Pegeen Vail (born 18 August 1925). Notes: Step-father/ daughter
- has other family relationship with Vail, Sinbad (born 15 May 1923). Notes: Step-father/ son, 1941-1946
- (has as) mentor relationship with Breton, André (born 19 February 1896)
- Work : Begin Major Project 1911 (First began impressionist work)
- Relationship : Meet a significant person 1914 (Hans Arp)
- Work : Begin Major Project 1918 (Began surrealistic work)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1921 (His work, "Celebes")
- Social : Joined group 1958 (Became a U.S. citizen)
B.C. in hand from Steinbrecher
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Several)
- Lifestyle : Work : Mentor/Tutor
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Naturalized U.S. citizen)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 85 (-1 day))
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (German Dada Movement, surrealism)
- Vocation : Military : Military service (Ww I)
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Drawings, illustrations)
- Notable : Book Collection : Culture Collection