Elisabeth "Sissi", Empress of Austria
|Birthname||Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie|
|born on||24 December 1837 at 22:43 (= 10:43 PM )|
|Place||München, Germany, 48n08, 11e34|
|Timezone||LMT m11e34 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||02°59' 27°50 Asc. 18°14'|
German-Austrian royalty, a duchess by birth as the second daughter of Duke Joseph of Bavaria, she later became Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary by marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I. Elisabeth was the longest reigning Empress of Austria at 44 years. Although the pet name of the empress was always spelled "Sisi," never "Sissi," this incorrect version of her name persisted in various artistic works made in the Twentieth Century.
After a happy childhood, raised in a rural family castle, she became the Empress of Austria and Hungary with her marriage to her cousin Franz Josef on 24 April 1854 when she was 17. Coming from an unrestrained background into the ceremonies of the Vienna court, her marriage suffered not only from the necessary adjustments but from the stress of a nagging mother-in-law. The marriage began as a glowing love-match, but gradually turned cold when her husband began to pursue casual infidelities.
Elizabeth had three children who were raised by Franz Josef's mother; she was allowed very little contact with them, and the first daughter died in infancy. After their third child was born, Crown Prince Rudolf, she became estranged from her husband. Seeming to suffer from poor health, she sought relief and recuperation in a great deal of travel.
A striking beauty with a gay spirit, Elisabeth was an accomplished horsewoman. Her ability to speak Magyar fluently endeared her to the Hungarians. Though her judgment was sound, she took little part in public affairs and abhorred publicity, preferring a quiet interest in literature. In 1881 her son, Archduke Rudolf, married Princess Stephanie, but it was not a close union.
When the country began a disastrous war with Prussia and Italy in 1866, Elisabeth rejoined her husband, helping to bring better relations between Austria and Hungary, halves of the dual monarchy.
Europe was shocked with the scandal when Archduke Rudolph committed suicide with Baroness Maria Vetsera at Mayerling on 30 January 1889, between 7:00 and 8:00 AM. Family trauma was not unfamiliar to the Empress; her cousin had been a suicide and her sister died in a fire in 1897.
Elisabeth fell deeply into melancholia. Seeking escape again in travel, as she left the hotel to board a ship, she was stabbed to death by Italian anarchist Luigi Luccheni at 1:15 PM on 10 September 1898 in Geneva, Switzerland.
In the German-speaking world, Elisabeth's name is often associated with a trilogy of romantic films about her life directed by Ernst Marischka which starred a teenage Romy Schneider and made her famous worldwide, Sissi (1955), Sissi — die junge Kaiserin (1956) (Sissi — The Young Empress), and Sissi — Schicksalsjahre einer Kaiserin (1957) (Sissi — Fateful Years of an Empress). Forever My Love is a condensed version, with the three films edited down into one feature and dubbed in English. This version was released in North America in 1962. Schneider appeared as a much more realistic and fascinating Elisabeth in Luchino Visconti's film Ludwig (1972).
- parent->child relationship with Gisela, Archduchess of Austria (born 12 July 1856)
- parent->child relationship with Marie Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (born 22 April 1868)
- parent->child relationship with Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (born 21 August 1858)
- parent->child relationship with Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (born 5 March 1855)
- child->parent relationship with Ludovika, Princess of Bavaria (born 30 August 1808)
- child->parent relationship with Max Joseph, Duke in Bavaria (born 4 December 1808)
- spouse relationship with Celestial:Long cycle 1226-1955:Middlepoint 1590 (born 8 August 1590 (greg.)). Notes: murdered 1897 in Geneva
- spouse relationship with Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria (born 18 August 1830)
- sibling relationship with Carl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (born 9 August 1839)
- sibling relationship with Helene, Duchess in Bavaria (born 4 April 1834)
- sibling relationship with Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria (1831) (born 21 June 1831)
- sibling relationship with Maria Sophie of Bavaria (born 4 October 1841)
- sibling relationship with Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria (born 30 September 1843)
- sibling relationship with Max Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria (born 7 December 1849)
- sibling relationship with Sophie Charlotte, Duchess in Bavaria (born 22 February 1847)
- has other family relationship with Marie Louise von Larisch-Wallersee (born 24 February 1858)
- homicide perpetrator relationship with Lucheni, Luigi (born 22 April 1873)
- role played of/by Capotondi, Cristiana (born 13 September 1980). Notes: 2009 TV mini-series "Sisi"
- role played of/by Dombasle, Arielle (born 27 April 1953). Notes: 2004 TV film "Sissi, l'impératrice rebelle"
- role played of/by Feuillère, Edwige (born 29 October 1907). Notes: 1948 film "L'Aigle à deux têtes"
- role played of/by Gardner, Ava (born 24 December 1922). Notes: 1968 film "Mayerling"
- role played of/by Guillem, Sylvie (born 23 February 1965). Notes: 1993 ballet, "Sissi, l'impératice anarchiste"
- role played of/by Herzsprung, Hannah (born 7 September 1981). Notes: 2012 film "Ludwig II"
- role played of/by Schneider, Romy (born 23 September 1938). Notes: 1955, 1956, 1957 films, "Sissi"; 1972 film, "Ludwig"
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 21 August 1858 (Crown prince born)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Fagan quotes 10:43 PM from Richard Garnett, curator of the British Museum, in AA 2/56. (Same data in Sabian Symbols No.316 and in NN No.809, given as "time exact.")
Time of murder: 13:15 MET (BOR-8 via Corriere) annot. mik.
Sy Scholfield cites royal family birth records quoted in Conte Egon Caesar Corti, "Elizabeth Empress of Austria." Trans. Catherine Alison Phillips (Worcester: Trinity Press, 1936), p. 17: "Three years later, on Christmas Eve, 1837, the Duchess gave birth to another daughter, who was ushered into life to a due accompaniment of Court ceremonial. She was born at forty-three minutes past ten at night."
As of 29 March 2021, doubt has arisen regarding the time of birth. An inquiry at "Bayerisches Hausarchiv" was made. They replied (after payment of €44.-): ".. dass gemäß der nach dem königlichen Familienstatut vom 5. August 1819 ausgestellten Geburtsurkunde der Herzogin Elisabeth in Bayern die Entbindung am 24. Dezember 1837 um 22.43 Uhr stattgefunden hat. Die Exaktheit der Zeitangabe erklärt sich daraus, dass diese Minute ausdrücklich als der Zeitpunkt der Entbindung gekennzeichnet wird, also als letzter Punkt des selbstverständlich länger als eine Minute andauernden Geburtsgeschehens. Der Ort war das damalige Herzog-Max-Palais in der Ludwigstraße in München. An seiner Stelle steht seit dem 2. Weltkrieg das Gebäude der Bayerischen Landeszentralbank (Hauptverwaltung in Bayern der Deutschen Bundesbank). Die Signatur der Urkunde lautet: Hausurkunden 5589."
- Traits : Body : Appearance gorgeous
- Traits : Body : Hair (Dark blonde to chestnut brown, long and heavy)
- Traits : Body : Size (1.73 m/ 5 ft 8 in)
- Traits : Body : Weight (50 kg/ 110 lb)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Depression (When her son died)
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Happy, raised in castle and grounds)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Sister died in fire)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One, a love-match)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Chronic misery (Mother-in-law problems)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Distant (Grew cold)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (Franz Josef had affairs)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four)
- Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Son committed suicide)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Outdoors (Horsewoman)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Travel (Much travel)
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Homicide victim (Stabbed to death)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Habsburg-Lorraine, Austria-Hungary, by marriage)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Wittelsbach, Bavaria, by birth)
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women