|Birthname||Thomas Stearns Eliot|
|born on||26 September 1888 at 07:45 (= 07:45 AM )|
|Place||St.Louis, Missouri, 38n38, 90w12|
|Timezone||CST h6w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||03°53' 14°22 Asc. 25°41'|
American-British poet, playwright, literary critic and editor; he was a leader of the modernistic movement in poetry. Eliot was awarded both the British Order of Merit and the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Born into a distinguished New England family and raised in St. Louis, Missouri, he got not pressure to be "practical" and go into business. From private high schools he went on to Harvard University from 1906 to 1909, where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in three years. He went to France, attending philosophy lectures at the Sorbonne and reading poetry, including Dante, John Webster, John Donne, and Jules Laforge, the French Symbolist. These studies helped him find his own voice and style. From 1911 to 1914 he studied Sanskrit and read Indian philosophy back at Harvard. During that period he read Bradley’s "Appearance and Reality" and by 1916 he had finished a dissertation on it, but World War I prevented his return to take the final oral examination for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. In 1914 he established residence in London and in 1927 he was confirmed in the Church of England and became a British subject. Also in 1914 he met the American poet, Ezra Pound, and began a close association with him.
He was briefly a teacher and a bank clerk and meanwhile was a prolific reviewer and writer in both literary criticism and technical philosophy. In 1919 he published "Poems" which included "Gerontion," a meditative interior monologue in blank verse like nothing before published in English. His career as an editor was always secondary to his main interests. From 1922 to 1939 he edited his own quarterly, the Criterion, which was the most distinguished international critical journal of its time. In 1925 he started working for the publishing house of Faber and Faber where he eventually became a director.
Probably one of the most erudite English poets of his time, his first important published work and the first masterpiece of modernism in English was "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock." With the publication of his most famous poem about the disenchantment and disgust after World War I, "The Waste Land," in 1922 Eliot earned an international reputation.
His later poetry and plays included his masterpiece, "The Four Quartets," which was published as a book in 1943. The four poems made quite an impression on the public and led to the award of the Nobel Prize for Literature and the British Order of Merit in 1948. He won many other awards for his work. His plays, which began with "Sweeney Agonistes," published in 1926 and ended with "The Elder Statesman" in 1958 are considered inferior to his lyrical, meditative poetry.
Eliot kept his private life rigorously to himself. He married Vivian Haigh-Wood in 1915, and after she became mentally ill they lived apart until she died in 1947. In January 1957 he married Valerie Fletcher and lived happily with her until his death on 1/04/1965, London.
- associate relationship with Lawrence, D.H. (born 11 September 1885)
- business associate/partner relationship with Ridler, Anne (born 30 July 1912). Notes: Co-editors of an anthology
- friend relationship with Aiken, Conrad (born 5 August 1889)
- friend relationship with Mairet, Philip (born 27 April 1886)
- friend relationship with Morrell, Lady Ottoline (born 16 June 1873)
- friend relationship with Pound, Ezra (born 30 October 1885)
- (has as) teacher relationship with Santayana, George (born 16 December 1863)
- role played of/by Cumberbatch, Benedict (born 19 July 1976). Notes: 2011 radio play, "Tom and Viv"
- role played of/by Dafoe, Willem (born 22 July 1955). Notes: 1994 film "Tom & Viv"
- Social : Begin a program of study 1906 (Harvard University)
- Social : End a program of study 1909 (B.A. degree from Harvard)
- Social : Begin a program of study 1911 (Studied Sanskrit at Harvard)
- Family : Change residence 1914 (Moved to London)
- Relationship : Begin significant relationship 1914 (Met friend Ezra Pound)
- Relationship : Marriage 26 June 1915 in Hampstead (First marriage Vivian Haigh-Wood)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1916 (Dissertation done)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1919 (Published "Poems")
- Work : New Career 1922 (Edited a quarterly publication, 17 years)
- Work : Gain social status 1922 (International fame)
- Work : New Career 1925 (Director of Faber and Faber)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1926 (First play published)
- Social : Joined group 1927 (Became British citizen)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1943 (Book published)
- Death of Mate 1947 (Vivian died)
- Work : Prize 1948 (Nobel Prize for Literature)
- Work : Prize 1948 (British Order of Merit)
- Relationship : Marriage 10 January 1957 at 06:15 AM in London (Second marriage, Valerie Fletcher)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
David Fisher quotes a letter from T.S.'s father, Henry Ware Eliot, to his elder brother, the Reverend Thomas Lamb Eiot, "Young Thomas (Stearns for his grandfather) came forth at 7:45 this AM," taken from "Letters of T.S. Eliot," 1888, edited by his widow. The letter is now in the Harvard University Library.
Biography: Anthony Julius, "T.S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism and Literary Form," published 1995.
- Traits : Mind : Education extensive (Harvard, Sorbonne)
- Traits : Personality : Private (Private life secluded)
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Attended early private schools)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage - Very happy (With Valerie)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Chronic misery (First wife mentally ill)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (First wife died)
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist
- Vocation : Writers : Critic
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script (Plays)
- Vocation : Writers : Poet (Noted, famed)
- Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor (His own quarterly publication)
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Literature)
- Notable : Awards : Vocational award (British Order of Merit)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession