|born on||6 July 1898 at 10:00 (= 10:00 AM )|
|Place||Leipzig, Germany, 51n19, 12e20|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||14°15' 19°11 Asc. 17°04'|
In the late 1920s he became friends with Bertolt Brecht. They shared a leaning toward Marxism and the creative collaboration between them lasted for the rest of Brecht's life. In 1929, Eisler composed the song cycle Zeitungsausschnitte, Op. 11., perhaps the forerunner of a musical art style later known as "News Items" – musical compositions that parodied a newspaper's content and style, or that included lyrics lifted directly from news media of the day. Eisler wrote music for several Brecht plays, including The Decision (Die Maßnahme) (1930), The Mother (1932) and Schweik in the Second World War (1957). They also collaborated on protest songs that intervened in the political turmoil of Weimar Germany in the early 1930s.
In 1938, Eisler finally managed to get a permanent visa for the USA. He composed music for various documentary films and for eight Hollywood film scores, two of which — Hangmen Also Die! and None but the Lonely Heart — were nominated for Oscars in 1944 and 1945 respectively.
Eisler's promising career in the U.S. was interrupted by the Cold War. He was one of the first artists placed on the Hollywood blacklist by the film studio bosses. In two interrogations by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, the composer was accused of being "the Karl Marx of music" and the chief Soviet agent in Hollywood. Eisler's supporters—including his friend Charlie Chaplin and the composers Igor Stravinsky, Aaron Copland and Leonard Bernstein—organized benefit concerts to raise money for his defense fund, but he was deported early in 1948.
Eisler returned to Austria and later moved to East Berlin. Back in Germany, he composed the national anthem of the German Democratic Republic, a cycle of cabaret-style songs to satirical poems by Kurt Tucholsky, and incidental music for theater, films and television, and party celebrations. His most ambitious project of the period was the opera Johannes Faustus on the Faust theme. The libretto, written by Eisler himself, was published in the fall of 1952.
He died of a heart attack (his second) in East Berlin on 6 September 1962.
- associate relationship with Bernstein, Leonard (born 25 August 1918)
- associate relationship with Copland, Aaron (born 14 November 1900)
- associate relationship with Ivens, Joris (born 18 November 1898). Notes: Music for Song of Heroes and 400 Million
- associate relationship with Stravinsky, Igor (born 17 June 1882)
- friend relationship with Chaplin, Charles (born 16 April 1889)
- (has as) student relationship with Meyer, Ernst Hermann (born 8 December 1905)
Sy Scholfield cites birth certificate quoted in "Musik und Gesellschaft," Volume 38, Issues 7-12 (Henschelverlag., 1988), p. 342:
""Die Ausstellung der Geburtsurkunde Hanns Eislers veranlaßte die Hebamme, die am 14. Juli 1898 dem Standesbeamten anzeigte, „daß von der Marie Ida Eisler geborene Fischer, Ehefrau des Privatdozenten Doctor philosophiae Rudolf Eisler, erstere evangelisch-lutherischer, letzterer mosaischer Religion, wohnhaft zu Leipzig, . . . bei ihrem Ehemanne, zu Leipzig in vorgenannter Wohnung am sechsten Juli des Jahres tausend acht hundert neunzig und acht, Vormittags um zehn Uhr ein Kind männlichen Geschlechts geboren worden sei, welches den Vornamen Johannes erhalten habe".
[Abridged translation: The birth certificate of Hanns Eisler, in which the midwife stated to the registrar on 14 July 1898 "that Marie Ida Eisler nee Fischer, wife of Rudolf Eisler, at Leipzig, gave birth on July the sixth of the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight at ten o'clock in the forenoon to a male child named Johannes."]
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Composer/ Arranger