|Birthname||Mary Elizabeth Alexandria Hanford|
|born on||29 July 1936 at 01:55 (= 01:55 AM )|
|Place||Salisbury, North Carolina, 35n40, 80w28|
|Timezone||EST h5w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||05°57' 06°38 Asc. 18°44'|
American civil servant and politician whose success as a Washington insider has been matched by few men or women. Elizabeth Dole is the only woman who has served as a Cabinet Secretary for two federal departments (Transportation 1983-1987, and Labor 1989-1990) under two presidents (Reagan and Bush) and she worked in the White House as a consumer affairs adviser by the age of 33 -- a record her husband Bob Dole joked he couldn't match. An effective public speaker, she cloaks her ambition with warmth and charm. Spontaneity and frivolity are not part of her agenda; everything is scripted in single minded preparation for her goals. In the process, Dole, a Republican since 1978, has become one of the best-known women in government, an articulate, popular and respected figure with politicians of both parties.
Her law degree from Harvard took her to Washington in 1965 for her first job in the White House in an increasingly visible public career. She served as associate director of legislative affairs for President Johnson's consumer office, as executive director of President Nixon's Commission on Consumer interests, as a member of the Federal Trade Commission under Presidents Nixon, Ford and Carter and as a special White House assistant and then Transportation Secretary for President Reagan in January 1983.
Elizabeth Dole is the daughter of John Van Hanford, a prosperous business owner of floral products, and the former Mary Ella Cathey. At the age of two, she gave herself the name of "Liddy" but does not care to be called by her nickname as an adult professional woman. She had a comfortable childhood, complete with a summer house and ballet lessons. Her goal-oriented parents emphasized self-improvement as a "measure of personal growth" and competition was encouraged as a healthy outlet. Her talents as a leader and organizer were apparent from childhood with her peers. She called her mother her best friend and adored her one brother, John, 13 years older than she and the same age as Robert Dole. She followed John’s footsteps by enrolling in Duke University in the fall of 1954, majoring in political science. She was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, chosen as an attractive May Queen, and elected student body president. After postgraduate work at Oxford in 1959 she attended Harvard where she earned a master's degree in education and then a law degree, one of 25 women in the entering class of more than 500.
Her first White House job was as a staff assistant in the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare. For a brief stint, Dole left the White House to practice law, representing indigent clients, and she returned to the Government in 1968 as legislative assistant to President Johnson's consumer affairs adviser, Betty Furness. In 1973, President Nixon named her to a seven-year-term on the Federal Trade Commission.
After Bob Dole lost his presidential candidacy bid in November 1980, Elizabeth played a prominent role in the transition to the Reagan White House. In the new administration, she was named special assistant for public liaison in charge of carrying the Administration's message to special interest groups including both business and labor. By June 1981 she had chalked up more than 300 speaking tours and meetings with her usual energy and initiative. In January 1983, Reagan named her Secretary of Transportation and a month later, the appointment was approved. Remaining in this post for four years, Elizabeth Dole can take credit for air bags, airline safety measures and the brake light on the rear windshield of cars. She helped push for the first minimum-wage increase in eight years. With discipline and clarity, she took to the political arena with relish from the start, and served for eight years as president of the American Red Cross.
Elizabeth Hanford first met Bob Dole, recently divorced, in March 1972 when she lobbied him to add a consumer plank to the 1972 Republican platform. Their second meeting was in the summer of 1972 when Nixon opened up his campaign headquarters near the White House. They met a third time at the Republican Convention at a party. After the convention, Bob Dole called Elizabeth three times before finally asking her to dinner at the Watergate restaurant. Cautious by nature, Bob was also aware of their age difference. The romance progressed nonetheless and they married on 6 December 1975, creating one of Washington's most famous "power couples." Their clout was in reference to their jobs and accomplishment, not their social agenda. Most nights after their 12-hour working days, they ended up heating frozen dinners at their two-bedroom apartment in the Watergate complex. They had no children though Bob had an adult daughter from his former marriage.
A lifelong Methodist, Dole had an awakening of sorts in 1982, not an epiphany but a questioning about the central focus that her career played in her life and a spiritual drawing toward balance. She began attending meetings once a week at Washington church where she could discuss her spiritual goals. She began to take religion much more seriously and the recognition of this inner need provided her with greater peace. During campaigns, she carried her own Bible to read every night.
When Bob Dole made a bid for the Presidential nomination in 1987, Elizabeth Dole was barraged with advice to leave her ownr position to campaign for him. She said it was the "most difficult decision of her life" that she faced in September 1987. On 1 October 1987, she resigned from the Cabinet and left immediately on a 12-state campaign swing through the South, making use of her native southern drawl. When Bob dropped out of the race in March 1988, Elizabeth shifted her support to Bush. When President Bush moved into office, he named her his Secretary of Labor on 24 December 1988. After just 22 months, in October 1990 she resigned to assume the position of President of the Red Cross and started the job in February 1991.
On 10 April 1995 in Russell, Kansas, Bob Dole made another serious presidential bid and on 30 October 1995 she took an unpaid leave of absence from the Red Cross to once more work on her husband's campaign. Bob was defeated by President Bill Clinton in the election of 1 November 1996. In January 1997, Elizabeth Dole returned to the Red Cross.
She said goodbye to the Red Cross for good in January 1999 to campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. But this time, she wasn't campaigning for her husband: it was for herself. The need to raise $20 million in $1,000 increments was a major issue to consider. That need became the deciding factor when Elizabeth Dole dropped out of the race on 21 October 1999, deciding that she could not compete with the big bucks of George W. Bush and Steve Forbes.
Unlimited Partners: Our American Story is a joint autobiography of Bob and Elizabeth Dole with Richard Norton Smith, published in 1988.
On 12 September 2001, Dole stated in a letter of intent that she had joined the race for the Senate seat being vacated by North Carolina's Jesse Helms. In the November general election, she defeated her Democratic opponent Erskine Bowles, a former chief of staff to former President Bill Clinton, by an eight-point margin.
Her election to the Senate marked the first time a spouse of a former Senator was elected to the Senate from a different state from that of her spouse. Dole was criticized by Democrats during her first Senate campaign over the fact that for over 40 years prior to her nomination, she had not lived in North Carolina.
In November 2004, following Republican gains in the United States Senate, Dole narrowly edged out Senator Norm Coleman of Minnesota for the post of chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. She is the first woman to become chair of the NRSC. Dole was replaced as NRSC chair by Senator John Ensign of Nevada following the 2006 midterms.
In the 2008 election, Dole lost by a wider-than-expected margin, taking 44 percent of the vote to Kay Hagan's 53 percent – the largest margin of defeat for an incumbent Senator in the 2008 cycle.
In 2012, Dole established the Elizabeth Dole Foundation, dedicated to helping caregivers of "wounded warriors".
Her husband, Bob Dole, died from lung cancer in his sleep on the morning of 5 December 2021 at the age of 98.
- spouse relationship with Dole, Bob (born 22 July 1923)
- Work : New Career 1965 (First job in the White House)
- Work : New Job 1973 (Federal Trade Commission)
- Work : New Job 1983 (Transportation Dept., four yrs)
- Work : Retired 1 October 1987 (Left her position to help with husbands campaign)
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- Work : Prize 1995 (National Women's Hall of Fame)
- Work : Gain social status 1996 (Husband campaigned for Presidency)
- Work : Begin Major Project January 1999 (Ran for Rep. Presidential candidacy)
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- Work : Begin Major Project 12 September 2001 (Announced candidacy for Senatorial seat)
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B.C. in hand from Sue Kay, 3/2001.
(Formerly, Storm Cestavani wrote by email (1/16/1999) "I found the source on a website and then went and bought the A&E Biography on Dole which stated the same exact time. The announcer stated that according to Hospital Records, Mary Elizabeth was born at 4:12 PM. I ordered a book that a fan of Dole's recommended where she states the birth time is also available in 'Elizabeth Dole: A Leader in Washington.' "
LMR phoned A&E and was told that "Yes, A&E did a biographical report on Ms. Dole but No, there are no copies available as A&E did not have permission to copy the program." There are therefore no copies to be purchased.
Storm Cestavani is apparently highly creative in his reporting, as the time of birth on the birth certificate is nowhere near 4:12 PM.)
The Dole campaign asked CNN to refer to Dole's wife as Elizabeth, NOT Liddy.
- Traits : Mind : Education extensive (BA, MEd, JD)
- Traits : Personality : Ambitious
- Traits : Personality : Articulate
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Prosperous family)
- Family : Childhood : Family close (Mom best friend)
- Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Second of two)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Brother 13 years older, adores him)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (1975-2021)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage - Compatible
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Bob Dole)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One, lasting)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (2021)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Financial success in field
- Lifestyle : Financial : Philanthropist (Elizabeth Dole Foundation)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Groups (Political; little social life)
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Western (Christian, reads Bible)
- Vocation : Education : Public speaker (Many public lectures)
- Vocation : Law : Attorney (Represented indigent clients)
- Vocation : Politics : Government employee (Sec. of Labor, Dept. of Transportation)
- Vocation : Politics : Party Affiliation (Republican)
- Vocation : Politics : Public office
- Notable : Awards : Hall of Fame (National Women's)