|born on||16 February 1893 at 09:30 (= 09:30 AM )|
|Place||Berlin, Germany, 52n29, 13e21|
|Timezone||LMT m13e21 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||27°57' 23°57 Asc. 13°08'|
American stage actress, writer, theatre owner and producer, regarded as one of the great actresses of the American theatre. Cornell was the first performer to receive the Drama League Award, for Romeo and Juliet in 1935. She is noted for her major Broadway roles in serious dramas, often directed by her husband, Guthrie McClintic. The couple formed C. & M.C. Productions, Inc., a company that gave them complete artistic freedom in choosing and producing plays. Their production company gave first or prominent Broadway roles to some of the more notable actors of the 20th century, including many British Shakespearean actors.
Her most famous role was that of English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning in the 1931 Broadway production of The Barretts of Wimpole Street. Other appearances on Broadway included in W. Somerset Maugham's The Letter (1927), Sidney Howard's The Alien Corn (1933), Juliet in Romeo and Juliet (1934), Maxwell Anderson's The Wingless Victory (1936), S. N. Behrman's No Time for Comedy (1939), a Tony Award-winning Cleopatra in Antony and Cleopatra (1947), and a revival of Maugham's The Constant Wife (1951).
Cornell was noted for spurning screen roles, unlike other actresses of her day. She appeared in only one Hollywood film, the World War II morale booster Stage Door Canteen, in which she played herself. She did appear in television adaptations of The Barretts of Wimpole Street and Robert E. Sherwood's There Shall Be No Night. She also narrated the documentary Helen Keller in Her Story, which won an Oscar.
Primarily regarded as a tragedienne, Cornell was admired for her refined, romantic presence. Her appearances in comedy were infrequent, and praised more widely for their warmth than their wit.
She was born in Berlin to American parents and raised in Buffalo, New York. She married McClintic on 8 September 1921 in Cobourg, Ontario, Canada. The couple eventually bought a townhouse in Manhattan. It is generally acknowledged that Cornell was a lesbian, and that McClintic was gay, and their union was a lavender marriage. She was a member of the "sewing circles" in New York, and had intimate relationships with Nancy Hamilton, Tallulah Bankhead, and Mercedes de Acosta, among others.
McClintic died on 29 October 1961 of a lung haemorrhage, shortly after the couple had celebrated their 40th wedding anniversary. As he had always directed Cornell in every production since their marriage, she decided to retire from the stage altogether. Cornell died of pneumonia on 9 June 1974 in Tisbury, Massachusetts (on Martha's Vineyard), aged 81.
- associate relationship with Meredith, Burgess (born 16 November 1907). Notes: Co-stars in plays
- associate relationship with Olivier, Laurence (born 22 May 1907). Notes: Co-stars in 1939 play "No Time for Comedy"
- associate relationship with Rathbone, Basil (born 13 June 1892). Notes: Co-stars in 1934-1935 Broadway play "Romeo and Juliet"
- friend relationship with Graham, Martha (born 11 May 1894)
- lover relationship with Bankhead, Tallulah (born 31 January 1902)
- spousal equivalent relationship with Hamilton, Nancy (born 27 July 1908)
- role played of/by Browning, Elizabeth Barrett (born 6 March 1806). Notes: 1931 Broadway play "The Barretts of Wimpole Street"
- role played of/by Joan of Arc (born 6 January 1412 Jul.Cal. (15 Jan 1412 greg.)). Notes: 1936 play "Saint Joan"
- Work : Prize 1948 (Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play)
- Work : Prize 1972 (American Theatre Hall of Fame)
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Berlin archives.
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Pneumonia (Terminal)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (40 years)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Nancy Hamilton, Tallulah Bankhead, Mercedes de Acosta)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Same sex
- Family : Relationship : Other relationship (Lavender marriage)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (American born in Germany)
- Passions : Sexuality : Bi-Sexual
- Passions : Sexuality : Lesbian
- Personal : Death : Illness/ Disease (Pneumonia)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 81)
- Vocation : Business : Business owner (Theatre)
- Vocation : Entertainment : Actor/ Actress (Stage, radio, film, TV)
- Vocation : Entertainment : Comedy
- Vocation : Entertainment : Live Stage
- Vocation : Entertainment : Voice-Over (Narrator)
- Vocation : Entertain/Business : Entertain Producer
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
- Notable : Awards : Hall of Fame (American Theatre)
- Notable : Awards : Tony (Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play)
- Notable : Awards : Vocational award (Drama League Award)