Christian X, King of Denmark
|Birthname||Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm|
|born on||26 September 1870 at 23:56 (= 11:56 PM )|
|Place||Charlottenlund, Denmark, 55n44, 12e35|
|Timezone||LMT m12e35 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||03°38' 27°18 Asc. 03°23'|
Danish monarch, he reigned as King from 1912 to 1947 and was the only king of Iceland (where his name was officially Kristján X), between 1918 and 1944. With a reign spanning two world wars, and his role as a rallying symbol for Danish national sentiment during the German Occupation, he has become one of the most popular Danish monarchs of modern times.
He was a member of the House of Glücksburg and the first member of his family since king Frederik VII to have actually been born into the Danish royal family; both his father and his grandfather were born as princes of a German ducal family. Among his siblings was King Haakon VII of Norway.
His character as a ruler has been described as authoritarian and he strongly stressed the importance of royal dignity and power. His reluctance to embrace democracy resulted in the Easter Crisis of 1920, in which he dismissed the democratically elected cabinet with which he disagreed, and instated one of his own choosing. This was nominally his right in accordance with the constitution, but facing the risk of the monarchy being overthrown he was forced to accept democratic control of the state and the role as a nominal constitutional monarch.
In spite of becoming unpopular due to his resistance to democracy, during the German Occupation of Denmark he did become a popular symbol of resistance to German occupation, particularly because of the symbolic value of the fact that he rode every day through the streets of Copenhagen unaccompanied by guards. He helped finance the transport of Danish Jews to unoccupied Sweden, where they would be safe from Nazi persecution.
Christian married Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in Cannes on 26 April 1898. She eventually became his queen consort. They had two sons: Prince Frederick (1899–1972), later King Frederick IX of Denmark; and Prince Knud (1900–1976), later Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark.
On 29 January 1906, King Christian IX died, and Christian's father ascended the throne as King Frederik VIII. Christian himself now became crown prince. On 14 May 1912, King Frederik VIII died and he acceded to the throne as Christian X.
After a fall with his horse on 19 October 1942, he was more or less an invalid for the rest of his reign. He died on 20 April 1947, aged 76, at Amalienborg Palace.
- parent->child relationship with Frederik IX, King of Denmark (born 11 March 1899)
- parent->child relationship with Knud, Prince of Denmark (born 27 July 1900)
- child->parent relationship with Frederik VIII, King of Denmark (born 3 June 1843)
- child->parent relationship with Louise of Sweden, Queen of Denmark (born 31 October 1851)
- spouse relationship with Alexandrine, Queen of Denmark (born 24 December 1879). Notes: 1898-1947
- sibling relationship with Dagmar, Princess of Denmark (born 23 May 1890)
- sibling relationship with Gustav, Prince of Denmark (born 4 March 1887)
- sibling relationship with Haakon VII, King of Norway (born 3 August 1872)
- sibling relationship with Harald, Prince of Denmark (born 8 October 1876)
- sibling relationship with Ingeborg, Princess of Denmark (born 2 August 1878)
- sibling relationship with Louise, Princess of Denmark (1875) (born 17 February 1875)
- sibling relationship with Thyra, Princess of Denmark (born 14 March 1880)
- Relationship : Marriage 26 April 1898 (Princess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield quotes Swedish newspaper, Sydsvenska Dagbladet, 29 September 1870, page 2: "Hennes Kongl. Höghet bevistade i måndags taffeln pa Bernstorff hos Konungen och Drottningen, och prinsen gjorde sitt intråde i verlden fyra minuter före midnatt, hvadan han således år född den 26 september." (Translation: The prince entered the world four minutes before midnight, when he was born on 26 September).
Previously this entry had 11:45 PM: Scholfield quoted from Hans Christian Andersen's diary, Sept 1870 : "Tirsdag 27. ... Inat før 12 blev en Prinds født af Kronprindsessen, hele Byen flaggede i Dag i det smukke Veir." (Tuesday 27th... Last night before 12 a prince was born to the Crown Princess, the whole city celebrated today in the beautiful weather").
From another book, "Rytterkongen: et portræt af Christian 10" by Knud J. V. Jespersen (Gyldendal A/S, 2009), p. 28: "Under året 1870 noterede den altid meddelsomme kabinetssekretær J.P. Trap i sine erindringer: "Natten mellem den 26de og 27de september nedkom Kronprindsessen paa Bernstorff med en lille Prinds..." (During the year 1870 the always communicative Cabinet Secretary J.P. Trap noted in his memoirs: "On the night between the 26th and 27th September the Crown Princess gave birth at Bernstorff to a little prince...").
- Traits : Personality : Disciplined (Authoritarian)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (49 years)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two sons)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Glücksburg)