Catherine the Great, Empress
|Birthname||Sophie Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst|
|born on||2 May 1729 at 02:30 (= 02:30 AM )|
|Place||Stettin, Germany, 53n25, 14e32|
|Timezone||LMT m14e32 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||11°33' 23°08 Asc. 28°43'|
Prussian- Russian Empress, one of the most powerful and memorable in history. She married Karl Ulrich at 16, the grandson of Peter the Great and heir to the throne. He was weak, neurotic and paranoid; she took over by 1762, having him assassinated.
Short and handsome but no beauty, she was ambitious, cruel, egotistical and domineering. Cultured, intelligent, studious and charming as well, she made powerful friends and won the loyalty of the Russian court. When she moved to Russia in 1745, she learned the language and customs.
When Empress Elizabeth died, December 1761, Peter ascended to the throne. Within six months, Catherine undermined him and had herself proclaimed Empress 7/09/1762. Peter III abdicated but was killed eight days later.
Catherine had a son who succeeded her, Paul I, who very possibly was not Peter's son at all but the son of one of the guards. Catherine also had a son by Count Grigorii Orlov, Alexei. A passionate woman, she had a series of young lovers, 22 at least that were known and historically tallied.
By age 67, Catherine has lost all her teeth and was plagued by debilitating varicose veins. Two months before her death, she suffered a minor stroke. Though ill and confused, she continued to enjoy the company of her current favorite lover, a striking 20-something officer in the horse guards. On November 16 she had her morning coffee and read the newspapers. Within the half hour, she fell to the floor with another stroke. She died the following day without regaining consciousness, of a cerebral hemorrhage, apoplexy, on 11/17/1796 NS, 11:15 AM, Tsarskoe Selo, Russia.
- parent->child relationship with Paul I, Czar of Russia (born 1 October 1754)
- child->parent relationship with Johanna Elisabeth, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp (born 24 October 1712)
- spouse relationship with Peter III, Emperor of Russia (born 10 February 1728 Jul.Cal. (21 Feb 1728 greg.))
- role played of/by Dietrich, Marlene (born 27 December 1901). Notes: 1934 film "The Scarlet Empress"
- role played of/by Prim, Suzy (born 11 October 1896). Notes: 1938 film "Princess Tarakanova"
- role played of/by Zeta-Jones, Catherine (born 25 September 1969). Notes: Zeta-Jones plays Catherine in 1995 TV movie "Catherine the Great"
- other kind of relationship with de Madariaga, Isabel (born 27 August 1919). Notes: Biographer
- Crime : Homicide Perpetration 1762 (Had husband assassinated)
Mark Johnson quotes the biography, "Memoirs" (edited by Anthony, London Knoppf 1927) "in the morning at half past two o'clock." (April 21 OS).
(An LAT correction is minus 3'21" but Martin Harvey in Nativitas shows a map for 2:30 AM LMT).
Sy Scholfield quotes Katharine Susan Anthony (translator & editor)'s book, "Memoirs of Catherine the Great" (Tudor, 1935), p. 71: "Prince Christian August writes from Stettin to the reigning Prince at Zerbst, May 2, 1729, that 'this morning at half past two o'clock' his wife was delivered of a Princess-daughter, and that she is to be baptized the 'day after tomorrow.'"
- Traits : Personality : Acquisitive
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Stroke (Terminal)
- Family : Relationship : Married early less than 18 (Married at 16)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Karl Ulrich, grandson of Peter the Great)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Distant (Husband weak, neurotic)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (Liked young lovers)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two sons)
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Moved to Russia)
- Passions : Sexuality : Extremes in quantity (Many lovers, 22 recorded historically)
- Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Homicide by order (Assassination of her husband)
- Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Leadership
- Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Known through history)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Prussia-Russia)
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women