Castro, Rosalia de
|Birthname||María Rosalía Rita de Castro|
|born on||24 February 1837 at 04:00 (= 04:00 AM )|
|Place||Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 42n53, 8w33|
|Timezone||LMT m8w33 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||05°25' 16°17 Asc. 09°39'|
Galician romanticist writer and poet.
Writing in the Galician language, after the 'Séculos Escuros' (lit. Dark Centuries), she became an important figure of the Galician romantic movement, known today as the 'Rexurdimento' ("renaissance"). Her poetry is marked by 'saudade,' an almost ineffable combination of nostalgia, longing and melancholy.
The date she published her first collection of poetry in Galician, 'Cantares gallegos (gl)' ("Galician Songs"), 17 May 1863, is commemorated every year as the Día das Letras Galegas ("Galician Literature Day"), an official holiday of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, and has been dedicated to an important writer in the Galician language since 1963.
Relative poverty and sadness marked her life, although she had a strong sense of commitment to the poor and to the defenseless. She was a strong opponent of abuse of authority and defender of women's rights. She suffered from cancer of the womb and died of this illness on 15 July 1885, aged 48, in Padrón, Galicia, Spain. Her image appeared on the 500 peseta Spanish banknote.
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 17 May 1863 (Published her first collection of poetry)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield quotes "Rosalía de Castro, poeta incompreendido" by Alberto Machado da Ros, Revista Hispánica Moderna, 20.3 (July 1954), pp. 181-223: "Her baptismal certificate, preserved in the Hospital Real de Santiago, is of February 24, 1836. The year is certainly a slip of the pen for 1837, since all the entries in the book just preceding and just following are of February, 1837... Rosalia's eldest daughter, Dona Alejandra, told the writer in 1928 that her mother was born at four o'clock on the morning of the 24th (Beside the River Star, Berkeley, 1937, pag. 143, note 3.)" (p. 186). Same data in "Nature and Emotion in Rosalia de Castro's En Las Orillas Del Sar" by Geraldine Raddatz Foster (University of Wisconsin, 1979), p. 37: "Her baptismal certificate is dated February 24 and her daughter Alexandra said that her mother was born on February 24 at 4 o'clock in the morning."
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ feminist (Defender of women's rights)
- Vocation : Writers : Poet (Romanticist poet)