|Birthname||Alfonso Caso Andrade|
|born on||1 February 1896 at 05:30 (= 05:30 AM )|
|Place||Mexico City, Mexico, 19n24, 99w09|
|Timezone||LMT m99w09 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||12°11' 11°39 Asc. 23°55'|
Mexican archaeologist who made important contributions to pre-Columbian studies in his native country. Caso believed that the systematic study of ancient Mexican civilizations was an important way to understand Mexican cultural roots.
His notable discoveries include the excavations at Monte Albán, in particular "Tomb Seven", in which several gold pieces and offerings were found (now shown in the Regional Museum of Oaxaca). He also discovered many sites in the Mixteca (a region in the state of Oaxaca), such as Yucuita, Yucuñudahui and Monte Negro. As well as discovering new sites Caso also sought to interpret them, establishing the chronology of Monte Albán history, and deciphering Mixtec codices.
Throughout his life Caso wrote books about native Mesoamerican cultures, including those of the Olmec, Mixtec, Zapotec, and Aztec. He was one of the first to recognize the Olmecs as the earliest Mesoamerican civilization, declaring that they were the "cultura madre" (Mother culture) of Mesoamerica. His argument has subsequently been debated by Mesoamerican archaeologists; it is currently unclear how the Olmec interacted with other Mesoamerican cultures.
He died on 30 November 1970 in Mexico City, aged 74.
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Federal District, Mexico archives.
- Vocation : Science : Anthropology (Archaeologist)
- Vocation : Travel : Explorer
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
- Notable : Famous : First in Field