Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark and Norway
|born on||11 July 1751 Jul.Cal. (22 July 1751 greg.) at 06:00 (= 06:00 AM )|
|Place||London, England, 51n30, 0w10|
|Timezone||LMT m0w10 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||28°57' 23°10 Asc. 17°40'|
British princess who became Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1775 by marriage.
Caroline was the youngest child of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. At the age of fifteen, she left her family behind in Britain in order to travel to Denmark and marry her cousin, Christian VII of Denmark, on 8 November 1766. She had two children: Frederick VI of Denmark (1768–1839) and Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark (1771–1843).
Louise was fathered almost certainly by Caroline's lover Johann Friedrich Struensee, a royal physician. Struensee and Caroline Matilda were both arrested in the middle of the night between 16 and 17 January, after a masked ball at the royal theatre at Christiansborg Castle. Caroline Matilda was taken to Kronborg Castle to await her judgment. She was allowed to keep her daughter with her, while 4 year old Crown Prince Frederik stayed with his father. The marriage of Caroline Matilda and Christian was dissolved by divorce in April 1772. After the divorce, Johann Friedrich Struensee and his accomplice Count Enevold Brandt were executed on 28 April 1772.
Caroline Matilda's brother, George III, sent Sir Robert Murray Keith, a British diplomat, to negotiate for her release from imprisonment. On 28 May 1772, Caroline Matilda was deported on board a British frigate to Celle, residing at Celle Castle in her brother's German territory of Hanover. She never saw her children again. She died suddenly of scarlet fever at Celle on 10 May 1775.
- parent->child relationship with Frederik VI, King of Denmark (born 28 January 1768)
- parent->child relationship with Louise Auguste, Princess of Denmark (born 7 July 1771)
- child->parent relationship with Frederick, Prince of Wales (born 31 January 1707 Jul.Cal. (11 Feb 1707 greg.))
- spouse relationship with Christian VII, King of Denmark (born 29 January 1749)
- sibling relationship with Augusta, Princess of Great Britain (born 31 July 1737 Jul.Cal. (11 Aug 1737 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Edward, Duke of York and Albany (born 14 March 1739 Jul.Cal. (25 Mar 1739 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Elizabeth, Princess (1740) (born 30 December 1740 Jul.Cal. (10 Jan 1741 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Frederick, Prince of Great Britain (born 13 May 1750 Jul.Cal. (24 May 1750 greg.))
- sibling relationship with George III, King of England (born 4 June 1738)
- sibling relationship with Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn (born 27 October 1745 Jul.Cal. (7 Nov 1745 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Louisa, Princess of Great Britain (born 19 March 1749)
- sibling relationship with William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (born 14 November 1743 Jul.Cal. (25 Nov 1743 greg.))
Sy Scholfield quotes "The Political State of Europe, &c" in "Universal magazine of knowledge and pleasure," July 1751, p. 43: "July 11. This morning at six o'clock her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales was brought to bed of a Princess at Leicester house."
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Hanover, House of Oldenburg)