|born on||7 November 1913 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )|
|Place||Mondovi, Algeria, 35n40, 7e49|
|Timezone||GMT h0e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||14°04' 28°30 Asc. 24°35'|
French Algerian philosopher and writer, a journalist, essayist, novelist and dramatist, he won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second-youngest recipient in history. With great technical skill, he stressed man's need to carry out responsibilities in a fight against social evils. His famous books include The Stranger (L'Étranger, often translated as The Outsider, 1942), The Plague (La Peste, 1947) and The Fall (La Chute, 1956).
His poverty-stricken mother raised Camus in Algiers, after his father died in World War I. He attended public schools and worked hard to be accepted into the University of Algiers. As a teenager, he enjoyed sports, such as swimming and football. He was a tall, thin man with dark hair and blue eyes.
In 1935 he managed a theatrical company, L'Equipe, and was an active part of the intellectual community. His first book L'Envers Et l'Endroit, a collection of personal essays, was published in Algiers in 1937. The following years he published a volume of essays, Noces, and traveled abroad for the first time. On his return to Algiers he worked as a journalist for Alger Republicain until 1940 when he went back to France to join the staff of Paris-soir.
In June, when France fell to German armies, he returned to North Africa to teach at a private school in Oran. He went back to Paris in 1942 and completed his novel, L'Étranger. In France Camus played an important role in the renaissance movement, writing for the underground press, Combat. As the editor, he wrote a series of moving and deeply philosophical essays. Camus resigned from the paper in 1945 to devote more time to his writing. In 1946, he made a lecture tour of the United States where he published his novel, The Stranger.
In 1947 he took an active interest in movements for World Government, becoming the founder of the Committee to Aid the Victims of Totalitarian states. During the war, he was also a member of the French Resistance. He met his wife, Simone, in France. She was glamorous but a drug addict and he married her partly out of sympathy. He divorced her when she began prostituting to get drug money. From then on it became a struggle for Camus to trust anyone.
His last manuscript was written in pencil, uncorrected, being the first part of a larger autobiographical novel. His widow decided not to publish it. Camus was serious and shy, with a unique combination of intellect and compassion.
Having poor health, he suffered from tuberculosis, and was a chain smoker. He married again in 1940 and had a son and daughter.
Camus died instantly as a passenger in a car crash occurring at 1:55 PM on 4 January 1960 in Villeblevin, France. He was 46. The 42-year-old driver, publisher Michel Gallimard of Éditions Gallimard, was seriously injured and died five days later.
- associate relationship with Grenier, Jean (born 6 February 1898)
- associate relationship with Koestler, Arthur (born 5 September 1905). Notes: Writing collaborators
- friend relationship with Beauvoir, Simone de (born 9 January 1908)
- friend relationship with Bergé, Pierre (born 14 November 1930)
- friend relationship with Breton, André (born 19 February 1896)
- friend relationship with Charlot, Edmond (born 15 February 1915)
- friend relationship with Daniel, Jean (born 21 July 1920)
- friend relationship with Grenier, Roger (born 19 September 1919)
- friend relationship with Guilloux, Louis (born 15 January 1899)
- friend relationship with Maisonseul, Jean de (born 3 August 1912)
- friend relationship with Milosz, Czeslaw (born 30 June 1911)
- friend relationship with Quilliot, Roger (born 19 June 1925)
- friend relationship with Roblès, Emmanuel (born 4 May 1914)
- friend relationship with Roy, Jules (born 22 October 1907)
- friend relationship with Sartre, Jean-Paul (born 21 June 1905)
- friend relationship with Sénac, Jean (born 29 November 1926). Notes: Penpal
- lover relationship with Casares, María (born 21 November 1922). Notes: 16-year affair
- lover relationship with Gréco, Juliette (born 7 February 1927)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1937 (First published)
- Relationship : Marriage 1940 (Second marriage)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1942 (Release of "The Stranger")
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1945 (Birth of twins, Catherine and Jean)
- Work : Prize 1957 (Nobel Prize for Literature)
Gauquelin Vol. 6/168
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Tuberculosis (T.B., a chain smoker)
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Accident/Injury (Car, fatal)
- Family : Childhood : Disadvantaged (Raised in poverty)
- Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event (Father died in the war)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Chronic misery (Wife a druggy, prostitute, divorce)
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Atheist
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist
- Vocation : Education : Teacher (Taught at private school)
- Vocation : Humanities+Social Sciences : Philosopher
- Vocation : Military : Pacifist/ Objector (Pacifist)
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (French Resistance)
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ social (Committee of aid to victims)
- Vocation : Politics : Party Affiliation (Communist)
- Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
- Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Literature)
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book