|born on||19 January 1839 at 01:00 (= 01:00 AM )|
|Place||Aix en Provence, France, 43n32, 5e26|
|Timezone||LMT m5e26 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||28°19' 12°56 Asc. 02°49'|
French artist who did not have his first one-man show until he was age 56. In the following decade, he was acknowledged as one of the brilliant contributors to the world of art, becoming an important influence on the 20th century creative process. He is considered the spiritual father of Impressionism.
The son of a self-made businessman, Louis-Auguste Cézanne and Élisabeth Aubert, Paul and his sister, Marie (1841) were born out of wedlock. His parents legitimized their union in 1844; ten years later Élisabeth gave birth to a second daughter, Rose. Louis-Auguste had established himself as a hat seller where he met Élisabeth in his employ. After Aix's only bank failed after the 1848 revolution, Louis-Auguste acquired it. Cézanne's closest boyhood friend, the future novelist Émile Zola, described Paul's father as "…bourgeois, cold, meticulous, stingy…He refused his wife any luxury." Paul was Élisabeth's favorite and nurtured his dream of becoming an artist. At age 13 Cézanne enrolled in Aix's prestigious College Bourbon where he befriended Zola, who was younger and unpopular. Taking Zola's side against a group of school bullies, the two boys became inseparable. Zola's parents moved to Paris in 1858 and the two young men corresponded. In 1861 after strong pleading, Zola convinced Cézanne to move to Paris defying his father's wish that he enter the legal profession. Cézanne first vented his creative urges, ghoulish in nature, through poetry, writing of rape and corpses. He began painting in 1862, supported by an allowance from his father. He practiced drawing at the liberal Atelier Suisse where he developed his first, if not hesitant, associations with other painters in Paris such as Monet, Manet, Renoir, and Pissarro.
With a solitary life, Cézanne developed slowly. His early paintings reflect sexual obsessions, repressed anger, violence, pain and frustration. His works began to attract the admiration of fellow impressionists, yet Cézanne spurned the attention, many times with insulting retorts, preferring solitude and persevering with his painting. Upon the death of his father in 1886 Cézanne received an inheritance which provided him the financial freedom to pursue his art. The Zola-Cézanne friendship also ended in 1886 upon the publication of Zola's book "L'Oeuvre" in which the main character of the book is unable to finish his masterpiece and hangs himself. The last known letter between Zola and Cézanne is a thank-you note acknowledging the painter's receipt of the book.
Cézanne developed his impressionistic style over the years. He preferred living on the outskirts of Aix and his best works exemplified nature. His friends were gardeners, farmers and peasants. He gave them money, painted their portraits and preferred being close to their basic tastes and understanding. In spite of himself, Cézanne had become a living legend by the turn of the century. Van Gogh had the rare good fortune to bump into Cézanne one day and eagerly solicited Cézanne's opinion of his work. After he had inspected them all Cézanne said, "Truly, you paint like a madman!"
Cézanne became involved with Hortense Fiquet, a 19-year-old model from the Jura Mountains when he was 30. A son, Paul, was born in 1872. Cézanne did not marry Hortense until just before his father's death in 1886. The couple lived more often apart than together as she preferred Paris and Cézanne preferred Aix.
Cézanne fell passionately in love with a woman only once, during 1885. The identity of the woman remains mysterious, although one biographer believes she was a servant named Fanny at Jas de Bouffan, the Aix family home. Cézanne lived at Jas de Bouffan with his sister and ailing mother until her death in 1897.
After painting outdoors in a fierce thunderstorm he fell gravely ill. Cézanne died on 10/22/1906, Aix-en-Provence, France. Hortense and Paul, alerted in advance, did not arrive in time because Mme. Cézanne refused to reschedule a dressmaker's appointment. One year later in the Grand Palais the Salon d'Automne honored Cézanne with two rooms dedicated to his work. The poet Rainer Maria Rilke attended the exhibit. Enraptured with his work, he wrote "this old man…using up his love in anonymous labor, creating such purified works," probably captured the essence of Cézanne's life and work.
- associate relationship with Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (born 25 February 1841)
- friend relationship with Marion, Antoine-Fortuné (born 10 October 1846). Notes: Schoolfriends
- friend relationship with Monticelli, Adolphe (born 14 October 1824)
- friend relationship with Zola, Émile (born 2 April 1840)
- compare to chart of Barraud, Maurice (born 20 February 1889). Notes: influenced by him
- Social : Begin a program of study 1853 (Art school, College Bourbon)
- Relationship : Meet a significant person 1853 (Longtime friend, Zola)
- Family : Change residence 1861 (Moved to Paris to be close to Zola)
- Work : New Career 1862 (Began painting)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1872 (Son Paul born)
- Death of Father 1886
- Financial : Inherited money 1886 (Father left him money)
- Relationship : Marriage 1886 (To Hortense)
- Relationship : End significant relationship 1886 (Ended long-term friendship with Zola)
- Death of Mother 1897
Gauquelin Vol. 4/202
- Family : Childhood : Family supportive (Mom supportive of his work)
- Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Eldest of three)
- Family : Relationship : Married late/never (Married at 47, had lived together)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Distant (Lived seperately)
- Family : Parenting : Abusive - Neglectful (Kids lived with their mom)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One son)
- Lifestyle : Work : Unemployed more than 5 yrs
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Inheritance (Age 47 when dad left him money)
- Lifestyle : Financial : On the edge (Supported meagerly by dad)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Friends (Friends with Zola 34 years until they quarreled)
- Personal : Birth : Illegitimate birth (Age five when parents married)
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (Painter, impressionist)
- Vocation : Writers : Poet (Secondary)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book