Céline, Louis-Ferdinand

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Céline, Louis-Ferdinand Gender: M
Louis Ferdinand Auguste Destouches
born on 27 May 1894 at 16:00 (= 4:00 PM )
Place Courbevoie, France, 48n54, 2e15
Timezone PMT m2e2015 (is standard time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Gauquelin
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 06°17' s_mo.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 04°18 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 25°28'

Louis-Ferdinand Céline
photo: Ironie, license gfdl


French novelist, polemicist and physician, whose first novel Journey to the End of the Night (1932) won the Prix Renaudot but divided critics due to the author's pessimistic depiction of the human condition and his writing style based on working class speech. In subsequent novels such as Death on the Installment Plan (1936), Guignol's Band (1944) and Castle to Castle (1957) Céline further developed an innovative and distinctive literary style.

He completed his medical studies at Rennes in 1924 and began working as a physician in Africa and America for the Rockefeller Foundation and League of Nations before setting up a practice in Paris.

The son of an insurance salesman, Louis spent his youth in Paris, where his mother set up a lace shop in the passage Choiseul. Eager to see their son in business, his parents sent him abroad to learn languages. In 1912, at the age of 18, he enlisted in a cavalry unit, the 12th Regiment of the Cuirassiers. He was seriously wounded during World War I in Ypres, which left him with a permanently damaged arm and severe headaches that lasted all his life. He was awarded the Médaille militaire and a disability pension. He was then assigned to the French passport office in London. In 1916 he worked for a lumber company in Cameroun and was sent back to France with malaria and dysentery. Céline studied medicine in Rennes and received his degree from the University of Paris in 1924.

In 1915 he married Suzanne Nebout, a Frenchwoman working as a barmaid in London, but this marriage was not registered with the French consulate. In 1919 he married Edith Follet, whose father was the director of a medical school. In the following year, 1925, he left his practice, his wife, and his child to work for the League of Nations. His second marriage ended in 1926.

Employed by the League of Nations, Céline traveled in Switzerland, Cameroon, the United States, Cuba, and Canada. In Detroit he studied the working conditions in the Ford factory. In 1928 he opened a private practice in a suburb of Paris and in 1931 he began to work for a municipal clinic at Clichy, in Paris.

Using the pseudonym "Celine" he published his controversial, prize-winning first novel, Journey to the End of the Night in 1934. His second novel, Death on the Installment Plan received immediate acclaim. Anti-Semitic, he wrote with bitterness and corrosive humor. Although Céline´s political ideals had much in common with the Nazis, he claimed that Hitler was a Jew. Céline's writings also expressed the fears of an anti-Semitic petit bourgeois who bitterly resented Léon Blum's Popular Front government (1936-1938).

At the outbreak of World War II he served as a volunteer doctor on a French naval vessel, which was sunk by a Nazi submarine. After the fall of France in 1940, he rejected both resistance and collaboration and worked in municipal clinics in Satrouville and in a Bezons dispensary. He was denounced on the BBC as a traitor and to avoid execution by the resistance during the allied liberation of France, he fled to Berlin in 1944 with his third wife, the dancer Lucette Almanzor, whom he married in 1943. In Germany he was arrested for a short time. He finally settled in Denmark in 1945, where he was interned for over a year because of accusations of the Resistance. Released on the ground of ill health, he was permitted to return to France, spending his last years as a recluse and doctor for the poor.

Celine died on 1 July 1961 in Meudon, France.

Link to Wikipedia biography



  • Relationship : Marriage 1919 (First marriage Edith Follett)
  • Work : New Career 1924 (Started as physician)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1934 (Journey to the End of the Night)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1934 (Second marriage Lucette Almanzor)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1938 (Second noted novel)
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 1947 (Released from prison, returned to France)

Source Notes

Gauquelin Vol 6/176 (4:00 PM Paris time)

Same data given by Vitoux "Celine, A Biography"


  • Traits : Personality : Bigot (Anti-semitic)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Three)
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Outdoors (Duck hunting, tennis)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Exiled for five-six years)
  • Vocation : Business : Economist
  • Vocation : Business : Top executive (CEO)
  • Vocation : Medical : Physician
  • Vocation : Military : Wounded (WW I)
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction
  • Vocation : Misc. : Utilities/Phone/Cable/TV (Utilities)