Busken Huet, Conrad

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Name
Busken Huet, Conrad Gender: M
born on 28 December 1826 at 13:30 (= 1:30 PM )
Place Den Haag, Netherlands, 52n05, 4e19
Timezone LMT m4e19 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Koppejan
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 06°21' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 01°00 Asc.s_taucol.18.gif 28°58'



Conrad Busken Huet

Biography

Dutch pastor, journalist and influential literary critic.

Busken Huet, son of a Hague civil servant, attended Gymnasium Haganum and studied theology at Leiden University, in Geneva and Lausanne. He was appointed pastor of the French speaking Walloon church in Haarlem in 1851. A student of Prof. Johannes Henricus Scholten (1811-1885) and friend of Prof. Abraham Kuenen, Busken Huet familiarised his parishioners with the insights of 'Modern Theology', e.g. with respect to the Bible. In 1857-1858 he created a scandal by publishing Brieven over den Bijbel (Letters on the Bible), in which he popularised the 'Modern' view on the origins and authority of the Bible:

"Just as all Christianity is purely devotional love after Christ’s example, the entire Bible is purely a human creation. Yes, a creation inspired by the personal faith of the prophets and apostles; brought forth by the national genius of the Hebrews, which genius both the apostles and the prophets represented; one that did not fall from the clouds like a meteor, but rose from the bosom of the Jewish people, as the goddess of beauty rose from the billows whose foam created her; one which was not, in part or whole, put on paper and collected in one or two volumes through the external intervention of Providence, but which emerged leaf by leaf, like a budding flower, from the stem of Israel; one that did not bypass the Jews or go over the heads as it came to us from God, but came from the Jews themselves, under God’s guidance; a human creation, in other words, inspired by human faith, consummated by human art, preserved by human care, understood by every true human heart and acknowledged as the voice of the heart, as the voice of human devotion, human suffering, human happiness: such is the human creation the Bible is to me."

In 1862, after realizing that these 'Letters' had ruined his clerical career, Busken Huet resigned his charge. Attempting journalism instead, he went out to Java in 1868 as the editor of a newspaper. Before this time, however, he had begun his career as a polemical man of letters, although it was not until 1872 that he was made famous by the first series of his Literary Fantasies and Chronicles, a title under which he gradually gathered in successive volumes all that was most durable in his work as a critic. His one novel, Lidewyde, was written under strong French influences.

Returning from the Dutch East Indies, Busken Huet settled for the remainder of his life in Paris. For the last quarter of a century he had been the acknowledged dictator in all questions of Dutch literary taste. Perfectly honest, desirous to be sympathetic, widely read, and devoid of all sectarian obstinacy, Busken Huet introduced into Holland the light and air of Europe. He made it his business to break down the narrow prejudices and the still narrower self-satisfaction of his countrymen, without endangering his influence by a mere effusion of paradox. He was a brilliant writer, who would have been admired in any language, but whose appearance in a literature so stiff and dead as that of Holland in the fifties was dazzling enough to produce a sort of awe and stupefaction. The posthumous correspondence of Busken Huet has been published. Also, Huet used papers by Peter Thaborita for his description of Pier Gerlofs Donia.

Personal

He married in 1859 the teacher Anna Dorothée van der Tholl, who had followed catechism with him.

He died 1 May 1886 in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia

Relationships

  • opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Bilderdijk, Willem (born 7 September 1756). Notes: Criticised him in De Nederlandsche Spectator

Events

  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 21 January 1827 at 10:00 AM in Den Haag (Symbolic prison: Baptised and becoming member of the Wallonian church of Den Haag being only three weeks old.)
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  • Other Family 23 June 1833 in Den Haag (Sister born: Anna Maria (Busken Huet) van Deventer)
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  • Work : Great Achievement 8 October 1836 in Den Haag (Goes tot the 2nd class of Gymnasium Haganum at age 11 (expected age is 12+1=13))
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  • Work : Begin Major Project 6 March 1838 in Den Haag (Subscription to the Latin School (Gymnasium Haganum) in Den Haag)
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  • Social : End a program of study July 1843 in Den Haag (Finished the Gymnasium Haganum at age 16 (expected age 18))
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  • Social : Change of Lifestyle 17 February 1844 in Leiden (became student of Theology, moved to Leiden)
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  • Work : Gain social status October 1847 (He is appointed abactis of the Leiden student corps and is editor of the Student almanac before 1848 .)
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  • Work : Gain social status 23 June 1848 in Leiden (Kandidaats exam in theology. After that he went to Laussanne en Genève to study Theology and the French language.)
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  • Social : Return Home May 1849 in Leiden (Not successful (see DBNL))
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  • Work : New Career 29 December 1850 in Haarlem (appealed by the Walloon municipality in Haarlem.)
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  • Other Social 1 May 1851 in Haarlem (rents a room in Haarlem)
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  • Social : Begin a program of study 30 January 1853 in Haarlem (Vereeniging ‘Debating Society’ erected)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released October 1853 (Belydenisvryheid, een strafgeding in Pruissen, uit het Hoogduitsch vertaald en medegedeeld door Cd. Busken Huet)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released January 1854 in Haarlem (Groen en ryp, door Thrasybulus)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released December 1855 in Haarlem (Jacques Saurin en Théodore Huet, proeve van kerkgeschiedkundige kritiek. Haarlem, A.C. Kruseman, 1855.)
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  • Work : Begin Major Project April 1856 (Editor of the Periodical: La seule chose néçessaire, receuil mensuel d'édification chrétienne)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1 April 1856 (Brieven van een kleinstedeling by Lodewijk van Montalte in the Nederlandsche Spectator)
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  • Relationship : Begin significant relationship 27 June 1856 in Haarlem (1st letter to Anton van der Tholl (1837-1858))
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  • Work : Begin Major Project 21 May 1857 in Haarlem (Brieven over den Bijbel (ended april 1858))
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1 October 1857 in Haarlem (Verpoozingen op letterkundig gebied. Haarlem, 1856.)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1 November 1857 (Twaalf bijzonderheden uit Jezus kinderlijken leeftijd. Amsterdam, 1855. (De Gids))
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1 November 1857 (Letters "Wereldwijsheid" in Nederlandsche Spectator (ended 9 May 1858))
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released August 1858 (Translation: Uit Fanny Fern. Leeuwarden, G.T.N. Suringar, 1858)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released November 1858 in Haarlem (Short stories: Overdrukjes, schetsen en verhalen. Haarlem, C. Zwaardemaker, 1858.)
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  • Relationship : Meet a significant person March 1859 (E.J. Potgieter (1808-1875) liked Overdrukjes in De Gids)
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  • Relationship : Begin significant relationship 4 July 1859 (Engagement with Anne van der Tholl.)
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  • Relationship : Marriage 14 January 1860 in Haarlem (Anne van der Tholl.)
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 14 January 1860 (Criticism on Willem Bilderdijk (1756-1831) in De Gids)
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  • Family : Adopted a child 31 May 1860 in Haarlem (Gédéon Busken Huet (1860-1921))
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  • Relationship : Meet a significant person 1 July 1860 in Haarlem (H.P.G. Quack (1834-1917))
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  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 9 November 1860 in Amsterdam (1st of a series of lectures: Voorlezingen over de Nederlandse letterkunde in het tijdvak van de Bataafse Republiek.)
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  • Death of Mother 25 January 1863 in Zutphen (Théodore Esther Huet, born 23 Jul 1798 in Amsterdam)
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Source Notes

Koppejan quotes municipal archive of The Hague in Dierenriem for 13h30.

Svi retrieved the same BC from online sources: The same date, place and time.

Conrad Busken Huet (1986) – Bernt Luger, Kees Nieuwenhuijzen, Olf Praamstra, Harry G.M. Prick: His biographers mention 1826, 28 december 2 AM: "In de Nobelstraat (Wijk E 73, thans nr. 21) in Den Haag wordt 's middags om twee uur Conrad Busken Huet geboren, zoon van Conrad Busken Huet (1791-1847), administrateur van 's Rijks schatkist, en Théodore Esther Huet (1798-1863). Hij is de vierde in wat uiteindelijk een gezin van tien kinderen zal zijn." (In the Nobelstraat (District E 73, now no. 21) in The Hague, Conrad Busken Huet is born at two o'clock in the afternoon, son of Conrad Busken Huet (1791-1847), administrator of the State Treasury, and Théodore Esther Huet (1798-1863). He is the fourth in what will ultimately be a family of ten children.)

This online DBNL biography provided the many dates of major events that can be studied in most languages using Google translate. They should be enough to rectify his chart.

Categories

  • Traits : Mind : Education extensive
  • Traits : Mind : I.Q. high/ Mensa level
  • Traits : Personality : Aggressive/ brash (as a critic he got the nickname 'the executioner of Haarlem')
  • Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist (After losing the Christian faith, became a literary critic.)
  • Vocation : Religion : Ecclesiastics/ western (pastor of the French speaking Walloon church in Haarlem)
  • Vocation : Writers : Critic