Buddha

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Buddha Gender: M
Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama Shakyamuni
born on 26 April 624 BC (-623) Jul.Cal. at 11:55:48 (= 11:55:48 AM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, Nepal, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Data source
Date in question
Rodden Rating XX
Collector: Koch
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 28°23' s_mo.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 02°31 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 04°27'



Buddha : so-called "corrected long chronology" for the birth of the Buddha - natal chart (Placidus)
Buddha : so-called "corrected long chronology" for the birth of the Buddha
natal chart (Placidus)
natal chart English style (Equal houses)
natal chart with Whole Sign houses
Alternative birthtime
so-called "corrected long chronology" for the birth of the Buddha
Date 12 April 563 BC (-562) Jul.Cal. at 12:00:45 (= 12:00 PM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 15°11' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 19°13 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 23°54'


Alternative birthtime
Proposal of Jhampa Shaneman
Date 23 May 575 BC (-574) Jul.Cal. at 12:30 (= 12:30 PM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 24°17' s_mo.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 25°22 Asc.s_vircol.18.gif 04°54'


Alternative birthtime
Proposal of Wayne Turner
Date 21 May 587 BC (-586) Jul.Cal. at 06:14 (= 06:14 AM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 22°02' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 23°28 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 09°14'


Alternative birthtime
Proposal of Bangalore Venkata Raman
Date 14 April 623 BC (-622) Jul.Cal. at 11:03 (= 11:03 AM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 16°37' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 04°04 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 12°43'


Alternative birthtime
Proposal of Friedel Roggenbuck
Date 14 April 623 BC (-622) Jul.Cal. at 10:56 (= 10:56 AM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 16°37' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 04°00 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 11°10'


Buddha : correct full moon day of Vaisakha 623 BCE, local noon - natal chart (Placidus)
Buddha : correct full moon day of Vaisakha 623 BCE, local noon
natal chart (Placidus)
natal chart English style (Equal houses)
natal chart with Whole Sign houses
Alternative birthtime
correct full moon day of Vaisakha 623 BCE, local noon
Date 15 April 623 BC (-622) Jul.Cal. at 11:59:42 (= 11:59:42 AM )
Place Lumbini Maya Devi Temple, NEPAL, 27n2811, 83e1633
Timezone LMT m83e1633 (is local mean time)
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 17°37' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 17°01 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 25°50'


Biography

Ascetic and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

Link to Biography in Wikipedia

Source Notes

Questions and debates about Gautama Buddha's chronology have been roiling modern scholars for decades. This is because there are no reliably dated records from his time, and interpreting those from later periods is controversial. Since the 19th century, European scholars have mostly held that the Buddha was born in 563 BCE (-562). However, this dating has been given up more recently, and birth years after 500 BCE are being discussed.

Buddhist tradition dates the Buddha a lot earlier. Old chronicles from Sri Lanka (Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa chronicles, 4th to 6th centuries CE) suggest that his death or Parinirvana took place in 544 or 543 BCE. Since the Buddha lived for 80 years, the resulting birth year would be 624 or 623 BCE (= -623/-622). While modern historians doubt this chronology, Buddhists still mostly believe in this traditional dating.

In deference to Buddhist tradition and since no certain date is given by historians, we choose a 624 BCE date as the main date of this article. The order of "alternative birthtimes" given above is purely accidental. It does not mean that one proposal is better than the other. It is caused by some sort mechanism in the Wiki editing software and cannot be influenced by the editor.

Buddha's place of birth is accepted as Lumbini, about 25 km (15 mi) from the ruins of old Kapilavastu (Tilaurakot) to the northwest, but it is possible that he was born in Kapilavastu and his birthplace was transferred by storytellers after the old Shakya capital was destroyed late in the Buddha's life. Lumbini was likely a center of worship even before Gautama's time according to recent archaeological work there by a team under Professor Robin Coningham of Durham University.

Traditional approach

The birth date given here (26 April 624 BCE (-623)) is based on "palm leaves in possession of certain Ceylonese priests" which allegedly state that "the Buddha was born in Kaliyuga 2478, on the Full Moon day of the lunar month of Vaisakha, Tuesday, at about midday" (B.V. Raman, "Notable Horoscopes", 1991(6), pp. 9ff., footnote). This corresponds to 26th April 624 BCE (-623), but the weekday of this date was Saturday (Raman believes it was Friday). The time chosen, 11:55:48 a.m. LMT is equivalent to 12 noon LAT (Local Apparent Time), when the Sun was in culmination.

Because the weekday mentioned in the source is wrong, Raman gives preference to the full moon of Vaisakha in Kali 2479, which he dates to 14 April 623 BCE (-622) and in fact is a Tuesday. However, the date is not correct. Exact full moon was one day later, on Wednesday, 15 April. Since weekdays were not known in India in Buddha’s time, it may be wrong to put too much stress on the weekday.

Since the Kaliyuga Era only appeared around 500 CE, this birth date of Buddha is obviously back-calculated. Nevertheless, it is the oldest extant source about the birth date of Buddha.

Raman does not give an exact birth time. He says it was "at about midday", but puts Lagna (the ascendant) at 26°45' Cancer and assumes an ayanamsha of 14°16'. Using the Swiss Ephemeris and Raman ayanamsha (14°00 in 623 BCE with modern algorithms), it is found that he must have used a birth time near 11:03 a.m., thus roughly an hour before noon. The planetary positions given by him cannot be reproduced. He assumes the Sun at 29°03 Aries, whereas the actual position based on Raman ayanamsha is 0°37 Taurus. For the Moon he gives the position 20°45 Libra, whereas the actual position is 18°11 Libra. In order to move the Sun to 29° Aries, one would have to use Lahiri ayanamsha (which, however, was 12°33 for 623 BCE). The birth time would have to be moved to 11:10 a.m. in order to arrive at the same Lagna. Raman interprets the Sun in elevation (Aries) in the 10th house, but with Raman ayanamsha the Sun falls into exile (Taurus) in the 11th house. Lahiri or some other ayanamsha or the tropical zodiac would have to be chosen for Raman's interpretation with the elevated Sun in 10 to be correct. (Ephemeris calculations are nowadays a lot easier than in Raman’s time, hence Raman should not be blamed for his errors with this chart of the remote past.) If Suryasiddhantic algorithms are used, then the full moon of Vaisakha clearly falls on the sidereal Taurus-Scorpio axis (26 April 624 BCE (-623) and 15 (!) April 623 BCE (-622)). Thus it appears that the idea that the Buddha’s Sun must be in Aries in elevation is not ancient but recent.

Proposal of Friedel Roggenbuck

Starting from Raman's Buddha birth date and based on the scanty clues provided by tradition, the German Buddhist and astrologer Friedel Roggenbuck proposed the following dates for the Buddha's most important stages of life (in the German astrology magazine "Meridian" 5/2002 - 1/2003, "Der Weg zur Erleuchtung - Das Buddha-Portrait", 3 parts):

- Birth: 14 April 623 BCE (-622; same as Raman), but 10:57 LMT; this is 6 minutes earlier than Raman's birth time and has the effect that the midheaven moves to the end of tropical Pisces, whereas in Raman's chart it is in the beginning of tropical Aries.

- Enlightenment: 18 April 588 BCE (-587), 5:43 a.m. LMT, Bodhgaya.

- Dharmachakra/1st sermon: 16 June 588 BCE (-587), 11:52 a.m., Sarnath.

- Foundation of Sangha: 30 June 588 BCE (-587), time unknown, Sarnath.

- Parinirvana: 1 April 543 BCE (-542), 6:08 LMT, Kushinagar.

Friedel Roggenbuck is a tropical astrologer. Therefore in his Buddha birth chart the Sun is exalted in Aries, not in exile in Taurus.

Roggenbuck is aware of the above-mentioned problems of Raman's solution, but nevertheless thinks that his own proposal is correct, for astrological reasons. It could be postponed to the true full moon on the next day, but he would still choose the midheaven at 29° of tropical Pisces. (private communication with D. Koch)

Corrected long chronology

Based on historical considerations, European scholars in the 19th arrived at the conclusion that the Buddha was born in 563 BCE. This date was considered reliable during several decades in the 19th and 20th centuries, but has been called into question more recently. Nevertheless it still appears in works of reference, including the English and German Wikipedias (Feb. 2017) on Gautama Buddha (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha). Since it is generally believed that Buddha was born on the full moon of the month Vaisakha, the birthday of Buddha is often given as "Buddha purnima 563 BCE" in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The actual date of this day in the Julian or Gregorian calendar is usually not mentioned, but it corresponds to 11/12 April 563 BCE (-562) Julian (calculation D. Koch).

In China and some other East Asian countries the Buddha's birthday is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month of the Chinese lunar calendar. This is not a full moon, but a waxing half moon. In Japan the celebration always takes place on 8 April since 1873, when the Gregorian calendar was introduced.

Proposal of Wayne Turner

The American astrologer and history researcher Wayne Turner, also a long-time student of Buddhism and other religions, proposes the following dates, based on careful historical, geographical, and astrological research (Data were taken from e-mails Turner had sent to Alois Treindl in January 2005 and Dieter Koch in January 2017. See also "Discussion" tab.):

- Birth: 21 May 587 BCE (-586), 6:14 am LMT, Lumbini, Nepal, 27°28'11"n, 83°16'33"e (Note, this is a new moon date.)

- Renunciation: 21 June 558 BCE (-557), 12 noon LMT, Old Kapilavastu (Tilaurakot), Nepal, 27°34' 34"n, 83°03'16"e.

- Enlightenment: 22 May 552 BCE (-551), 4 am LMT, Bodh Gaya, India, 24°n41'45", 84°e59'29" (Mahabodhi temple; the Bodhi Tree is next to it.).

- Dharma Wheel: 7 July 552 BCE (-551), 3 pm LMT, Sarnath, India, 25°n22'51", 83°e01'28" (Dhamekh Stupa. "The Buddhist Sangha was founded the same day with the ordination of Kondanna, a former companion of the Buddha in his ascetic days.").

- Parinirvana: 22 May 507 BCE (-506), 9 am LMT, Kushinagar (Kushinara), India, 26°44'21"n, 83°53'26"e (Parinirvana stupa. "The cremation stupa is a short distance away. It may be that this time is when Ananda announced his death to the local assembly in Kushinara, since the sutras suggest he died late at night.").

It should be noted that Wayne Turner is a sidereal astrologer and uses the Fagan-Bradley zodiac (ayanamsha).

Proposal of Jhampa Shaneman

The Canadian lay Buddhist teacher and astrologer Jhampa Shaneman in his book “Buddhist Astrology” (2003, with co-author Jan V. Angel) proposes the following dates:

- Birth: 23 May 575 BCE (-574). The birth place used in the chart drawing on p. 15 is Patna, but at Shaneman’s wish we use the correct birth place Lumbini. He says that in 1998 when he wrote the book, his computer software could not take Lumbini. The difference in the resulting chart is very small. On p. 4 he states that the Buddha has Leo rising. In reality it is Virgo rising, both tropically and sidereally. The chart drawing on p. 15 also has Virgo rising. With this birth chart, the Buddha has a tropical Taurus and sidereal Gemini Sun. However, Shaneman does not use zodiac signs in his astrology. He refers to Johannes Kepler who considered the zodiac an imaginary construct.

- Renunciation: 23 May 546 BCE (-545).

- Enlightenment: 15 May 539 BCE (-538; p. 13).

- Parinirvana: 28 May 494 BCE (-493; "full moon in May of 494 B.C.", p. 14).


Categories

  • Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Spiritualist
  • Vocation : Religion : Spiritual Leader/ Guru
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure