|Birthname||Julius Oscar Brefeld|
|born on||19 September 1839 at 13:00 (= 1:00 PM )|
|Place||Telgte, Germany, 51n59, 7e47|
|Timezone||LMT m7e47 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°52' 06°12 Asc. 12°31'|
German botanist, mycologist, and prolific author of works in the field of mycology, being remembered for his writings on the heteroecious nature of fungal rusts and smuts. He pioneered culture techniques in the growth of fungi (using gelatin as a solid media), and in doing so, was able to study the life histories and systematic relationships of different groups of fungi.
He is credited with providing nomenclature for a number of genera and species of fungi. The names Conidiobolus, Heterobasidion, Oligoporus and Polysphondylium (genus of slime mould) are a few of the genera that he described. He is remembered for his disagreements with Anton de Bary in regards to the nature of yeasts as well as to the sexual nature of fungi (Brefeld maintained that higher fungi were devoid of sexuality).
The genus Brefeldia from the family Stemonitaceae is named after him. Every two years, the Deutschen Gesellschaft für Mykologie offers the "Oscar-Brefeld-Preis" to young scientists for work in the field of mycology.
In 1898 Brefeld was stricken by glaucoma, and subsequently became totally blind. He died on 12 January 1925 in Berlin, aged 85.
GraZia Bordoni's Science file quotes Gauquelin.
Various reference books give 19 August 1839 including "Botanical Abstracts," Vol. 15 (1926), p. 371; "An Introduction to the History of Plant Pathology" by Don Edwin Ellis (1969), p. 44; and "Die Forstakademie Eberswalde von 1830 bis 1880" by Bernhard Danckelmann (2013), p. 47.
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Eyes (Glaucoma led to blindness)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 85)
- Vocation : Science : Biology (Botanist, mycologist)
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Mycology)