Bredow, Ferdinand von
|Birthname||Ferdinand Eduard von Bredow (|
|born on||16 May 1884 at 08:45 (= 08:45 AM )|
|Place||Neuruppin, Germany, 52n55, 12e48|
|Timezone||LMT m12e48 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°48' 03°46 Asc. 01°49'|
German Generalmajor and former head of the Abwehr (the military intelligence service) in the Reich Defence Ministry (Reichswehrministerium) and deputy defence minister in Kurt von Schleicher's short-lived cabinet (December 1932 - January 1933). He was promoted to captain in November 1918 and saw active service in the First World War. Bredow was among Schleicher's closest associates. Schleicher appointed Bredow as his successor as head of the Ministerial Office in the Defence Ministry, which was the favourite instrument of the Reichswehr for exerting influence on politics.
Bredow, along with Schleicher, was involved in attempting to enlist Adolf Hitler's support during Schleicher's time as Chancellor between December 1932 and January 1933. Towards the end of this régime, Bredow, as the leader of Schleicher's personal "information service" was head of a number of coexisting secret service organizations, among them even the SS's Sicherheitsdienst, which was under Reinhard Heydrich's leadership. As a member of the Schleicher faction, Bredow was dismissed by the new Defence Minister, General Werner von Blomberg, who replaced him with General Walter von Reichenau. In the spring of 1934, Bredow was significantly involved in Schleicher's attempt at a political comeback, as he went about casually showing anyone who was interested a proposed new cabinet list. In Bredow's cabinet list, Hitler was to remain Chancellor, Schleicher was to serve as Vice-Chancellor, Ernst Röhm was to become Defence Minister, Gregor Strasser Economics Minister, and Heinrich Brüning Foreign Minister. In the overheated atmosphere of the spring of 1934, when it was an open secret that a rift had emerged between the SA and the Reichswehr, it was easy to misconstrue Bredow's scheming to change the cabinet as a plot to overthrow the Hitler government itself, and both Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, who were plotting against Röhm, transformed Bredow's "irresponsible" intriguing into a gigantic plot to overthrow Hitler, with the additional twist that the alleged conspiracy of Schleicher and Röhm had been organized by the French ambassador André François-Poncet.
Bredow, along with Schleicher, was murdered in Berlin-Lichterfelde by SS men from the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler in the Night of the Long Knives. Bredow was drinking tea on the afternoon of 30 June 1934 at the Hotel Adlon in Berlin, when he heard about the murder of Schleicher that morning on the radio. A foreign military attaché present offered Bredow the safety of his embassy, but Bredow refused, saying "I am going home. They have killed my Chief. What is there left for me?" Later the same day, Bredow answered his door at his house and was shot in the face at point-blank range.
- associate relationship with Mortality: Night of the Long Knives (born 30 June 1934). Notes: Victim
- associate relationship with Schleicher, Kurt von (born 7 April 1882)
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from German archives.
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Homicide victim
- Vocation : Law : Spy/ Counter agent (Military intelligence)
- Vocation : Military : Military career ("Generalmajor")
- Vocation : Politics : Nazi party
- Vocation : Politics : Public office