Bohr, Niels

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Bohr, Niels Gender: M
Niels Henrik David Bohr
born on 7 October 1885 at 13:15 (= 1:15 PM )
Place Copenhagen, Denmark, 55n40, 12e35
Timezone LMT m12e35 (is local mean time)
Data source
Conflicting/unverified
Rodden Rating DD
Collector: Rodden
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 14°24' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 04°12 Asc.s_sagcol.18.gif 26°07'



Niels Bohr

Biography

Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr was also a philosopher and a promoter of scientific research.

Bohr developed the Bohr model of the atom with the atomic nucleus at the centre and electrons in orbit around it, which he compared to the planets orbiting the Sun. He helped develop quantum mechanics, in which electrons move from one energy level to another in discrete steps, instead of continuously. He founded the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen, now known as the Niels Bohr Institute, which opened in 1920. Bohr mentored and collaborated with physicists including Hans Kramers, Oskar Klein, George de Hevesy and Werner Heisenberg. He predicted the existence of a new zirconium-like element, which was named hafnium, after Copenhagen, when it was discovered. Later, the element Bohrium was named after him. He conceived the principle of complementarity: that items could be separately analysed as having contradictory properties, like behaving as a wave or a stream of particles. The notion of complementarity dominated his thinking on both science and philosophy.

During the 1930s, Bohr gave refugees from Nazism temporary jobs at the Institute, provided them with financial support, arranged for them to be awarded fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation, and ultimately found them places at various institutions around the world. After Denmark was occupied by the Germans, he had a dramatic meeting in Copenhagen with Heisenberg, who had become the head of the German nuclear energy project. In 1943, fearing arrest, Bohr fled to Sweden, where he persuaded King Gustav V of Sweden to make public Sweden's willingness to provide asylum. He was then flown to Britain, where he joined the British Tube Alloys nuclear weapons project, and was part of the British team of physicists who worked on the Manhattan Project. After the war, Bohr called for international cooperation on nuclear energy. He was involved with the establishment of CERN, and became the first chairman of the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics in 1957. He was also involved with the founding of the Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy.

His son Aage Bohr became a successful physicist and in 1975, like his father, was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.

He died 18 November 1962.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • associate relationship with Rossi, Bruno (born 13 April 1905). Notes: Colleagues
  • business associate/partner relationship with Mottelson, Ben (born 9 July 1926)
  • parent->child relationship with Bohr, Aage (born 19 June 1922)
  • (has as) student relationship with Coster, Dirk (born 5 October 1889). Notes: From August 1922 until the summer of 1923, Coster worked in Niels Bohr's Institute in Copenhagen. Within a few months he co-authored a landmark publication with Bohr, on X-ray spectroscopy and the periodic system of the elements.
  • (has as) student relationship with Kramers, Hans (born 17 December 1894)

Events

Source Notes

Penfield Collection speculative chart for 10.00 Rudhyar spec's Aquarius ASC. Lyndoe gives 1:15 PM LMT in Predictions 8/1954, which was also used by Jacques Dorsan.

Starkman rectified it to 8.35.08 LMT.

Categories

  • Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Outstanding)
  • Vocation : Science : Physics
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
  • Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Physics)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Quantum mechanics)
  • Notable : Book Collection : Occult/ Misc. Collection