Bernhardi, Sophie

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Name
Bernhardi, Sophie Gender: F
Sophie Tieck
born on 28 February 1775 at 04:00 (= 04:00 AM )
Place Berlin, Germany, 52n29, 13e21
Timezone LMT m13e21 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Muller
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 09°24' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 14°54 Asc.s_capcol.18.gif 03°06'



Sophie Bernhardi

Biography

German poet and writer of romance works who left an extensive literary oeuvre including dramas, short stories, novels, poems and fairy tales. Her role as a writer of the Romantic period was overshadowed by her brother Ludwig and her first husband. She was only really appreciated as an important writer when her letters were published in the 1960s. A plot twist in her brother's story "Eckbert the Blond" is an unattributed invention by Sophie Tieck.

Sophie and Ludwig worked closely together particularly in the period 1795–1796, when they worked on stories for Friedrich Nicholai's Ostrich Feathers. Ludwig submitted sixteen stories but eight (or nine) of these were from the pen of Sophie. It has been said that their relationship was "too close" and may have been incestuous. They wrote and performed plays, translated Shakespeare and read the works of the Enlightenment. When the Shakespeare translations were published it was Ludwig who took the credit. This was not an oversight, as when Ludwig's daughter Dorothea Tieck also translated Shakespeare's other works her father "forgot" to credit her too.

In 1799 Sophie married a fellow writer and translator, August Ferdinand Bernhardi, who had taught her brother. Bernhardi also published stories and he collaborated with Sophie. He continued Ludwig's habit and did not credit his wife. He published a three-volume work, the last volume of which is thought to have been written almost entirely by Sophie, although she was not acknowledged. The marriage was not happy and she had an affair with the poet and translator August Wilhelm Schlegel. Sophie left with her two children. There was a legal fight over the custody of the children whilst the divorce in 1807 caused a stir.

Sophie went travelling with her brother Ludwig to Rome where she met the Baltic German Karl Gregor von Knorring from Reval, Estonia. The three of them went on a grand tour of Munich, Prague and Vienna, before Sophie and von Knorring set up house together in Munich.

Tieck married von Knorring in 1810 and converted to Catholicism on account of him, provoking considerable comment. They moved in 1812 to his estate in Erwita and von Knorring supported his wife well. They lived in Heidelberg in 1820 and then in Estonia until she died in 1833 on 30 September OS (12 October NS) at age 58 in Reval, now known as Tallinn.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • sibling relationship with Tieck, Ludwig (born 31 May 1773). Notes: Tieck's younger sister, also poet

Events

  • Other Family 14 August 1776 (Birth of sibling Christian Friedrich Tieck)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 1799 (August Friedrich Bernhardi)
  • Death of Mother April 1801 (Both parents died in the same week)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Divorce dates 1807 (August Friedrich Bernhardi)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1810 (Karl Gregor von Knorring)
  • Death, Cause unspecified 30 September 1833 Jul.Cal. (12 Oct 1833 greg.) (Age 58)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Arno Muller vol 3.

Sy Scholfield quotes same data from the chapter "Sophie Tieck (1775-1833): Schriftstellerin der Romantik" by Carola Gerlach in the book Wenn die Geschichte um eine Ecke geht by Nikolaus Gatter et al (Berlin Verlag A. Spitz, 2000), page 163:

"...wurde am 28. Februar 1775 in der Mitte Berlins geboren . ... Sophies Geburts- und Taufurkunde : « geb. den 28 " früh 4 Uhr."

(Translation: [She] was born on 28 February 1775 in the centre of Berlin. ... Sophie's birth and baptism certificate state "born on 28th early in the morning at 4 o'clock.").

Regarding her date of death, Wikipedia gives 1 October 1833 while biographers such as Carola Gerlach give 12 October which we assume is a Gregorian date. Estonia changed to the Gregorian calendar in 1918, adding 13 days, thus 12 October Gregorian is 30 September Julian [1].

Categories

  • Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Middle child of three)
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two)
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction
  • Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet