Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena
|born on||21 February 1638 Jul.Cal. (3 Mar 1638 greg.) at 01:00 (= 01:00 AM )|
|Place||Weimar (Thüringen), Germany, 50n59, 11e19|
|Timezone||LMT m11e19 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||12°32' 18°12 Asc. 00°43'|
Duke of Saxe-Jena as the seventh child but fourth surviving son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.
Bernhard attended the University of Jena from February 1654 until November 1657. Subsequently, he was pulled into political affairs when his father sent him to Paris in order to strengthen the relations of Ernestine line with the King Louis XIV, hopefully through a marriage. The French king, however, made him wait eighteen months for an audience. The stay in France finally led to his marriage to Marie Charlotte de la Trémoille, daughter of Henri de La Trémoille and Marie de La Tour d'Auvergne. Her family were residents of the French court where they bore the rank of princes étrangers. The wedding took place in Paris on 10 June 1662. Shortly after, the couple moved to Jena, where their five children were born.
In 1662 Bernhard and his brothers divided the paternal inheritance, and he received Jena.
The marriage of Bernhard and Marie Charlotte was totally unhappy, and, were they seemingly irreconcilable, the duke had decided to marry one of the ladies of his court, Marie Elisabeth of Kospoth. He solemnly promised that he would divorce his wife and marry her, and she ceded to his advances. They had one daughter.
Meanwhile, Bernhard's efforts to have his marriage annulled were unsuccessful, as no theologian or jurist could give him grounds for divorce; and he appeared to reconcile himself with Marie Charlotte.
Nevertheless, on 20 October 1672 he promised in writing to his mistress that he would never forget her, but would care and protect her as if she were his true wife, and giving her the style of "Lady of Alstädt" and an annual rent of 1000 Taler. Then, in 1674, they were married by a former Jesuit priest named Andreas Wigand, converted to Lutheranism in 1671. Thus, Bernhard became one of the few cases of bigamy among princes.
On 8 November 1676 Marie Elisabeth was raised by the Emperor to the rank of an Imperial Countess (Reichgräfin), along with her daughter.
He died on 3 May 1678, aged 39, in Jena.
- child->parent relationship with Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (born 11 April 1598 Jul.Cal. (21 Apr 1598 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Adolf Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (born 15 May 1632 Jul.Cal. (25 May 1632 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Johann Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (born 11 September 1627 Jul.Cal. (21 Sep 1627 greg.))
- sibling relationship with Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (born 12 July 1634 Jul.Cal. (22 July 1634 greg.))
Sy Scholfield quotes from "Biblia, das ist die ganze Heilige Schrift: Alten und Neuen Testaments Verdeutscht von Doctor Martin Luther: Und auf gnädigste Verordnung Des Durchlauchtigsten Fürsten und Herrn, Herrn Ernsts, Herzogen zu Sachsen..." (Nurnberg, 1708): "Herzog Bernharden ... am 21. des Hornungs ... frühe nach 1. Uhrn im Jahr 1638." English Wikipedia incorrectly has 14 Oct. 1638.
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two: bigamist)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Six)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Wettin)