|born on||29 August 1915 at 03:30 (= 03:30 AM )|
|Place||Stockholm, Sweden, 59n20, 18e03|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||04°40' 25°33 Asc. 23°38'|
Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films, television movies, and plays. With a career spanning five decades, Bergman is often regarded as one of the most influential screen figures in cinematic history. She won Best Actress Oscars for Gaslight in 1945 and Anastasia in 1957, and the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for Murder on the Orient Express in 1974. She won a Tony for Joan of Lorraine in 1947 and Emmy awards for Turn of the Screw in 1960 and A Woman Called Golda in 1962. Throughout her career, she received a total of seven Oscar nominations.
Her father, Justus, a frustrated artist, ran a camera shop in Stockholm. When she was three, her mother died at 33. From that time on she was raised by a confusing succession of prim Lutheran aunts, rich Nazi aunts and her dad's young mistress. From the time she was a kid, she insisted on the theater, taking classes at the Royal Dramatic School in Stockholm, and made a debut at 18 in legitimate theater.
Her first love was the play's leading man, Edvin Adolphson. He was unavailable, married with a family, so she married, instead, eight-year-older dentist Peter Lindstrom, in 1937. They had a daughter, Pia, who was greatly neglected during the formative years of the Bergman legend.
In 1934, Bergman made her film debut. By her second film, reviews reached American and Variety magazines. In 1939, Bergman sailed for New York on the Queen Mary. "I could not live in Sweden," she said, "It is too far from the rest of the world psychologically." She was, nonetheless, Swedish to the core, from her appearance to her romantic notions, from her earthy forthrightness to her emotional strength.
In Donald Spoto's book, The Life of Ingrid Bergman (Harper-Collins, 1997), he writes about her romance with Gary Cooper and characterizes a period in her life when she had affairs with photographer Robert Capa, composer Larry Adler and director Victor Fleming, all of whom were guides and mentors to facets of her creativity.
Her illicit affair with Roberto Rossellini shocked the world, giving rise to a huge scandal when she left her husband and child to join her lover in Italy. In 1950, she had a baby boy, two years before they married. She was effectively exiled from the USA by a torrent of abuse and vile denunciation, becoming the whipping girl of outraged morality.
Actually, leaving her husband and Hollywood for Rossellini freed her from a confining marriage and a limiting career. Her last two films had been Arch of Triumph and Joan of Arc, both flops, and she was frustrated with playing two-dimensional virtuous roles. The neo-Italian realism movement which revolutionized world cinema after the war represented everything Bergman believed in professionally; truth, realism, naturalism, and Rossellini represented the earthiness and spontaneity which she so badly needed on a personal level.
In 1948 she first wrote to Rossellini, "If you ever need a Swedish actress..." and he responded eagerly. They arranged a meeting on 26 September 1948 in Paris. They discussed the love story on the island of Stromboli they would make, the expression of their passion and art.
Back in Hollywood, she and Lindstrom talked about having another child, which she greatly wanted. Preparing a nursery absorbed her, though she was drinking heavily, and depressed, hating Hollywood and the sugar-coated films that she was offered.
Rossellini offered her artistic truth, creative vision, danger and excitement. He offered more than that, bragging to his friends that he intended to cuckold Dr. Lindstrom, "Swedish women are easy to impress as they have such cold husbands."
In January 1949, Rossellini left Anna Magnani and traveled to America. He accepted the New York Film Critics Award for Paisan as Best Foreign Film of the Year. He wired Bergman, "I just arrive friendly." She replied, "Waiting for you in the Wild West." He stayed in their guest house as he and Bergman spoke to Hollywood backers about financing their movie. They made a production deal with Howard Hughes that would make Bergman a wealthy woman if the film proved a commercial success.
On 27 February 1949, the evening before he left, Rossellini promised Lindstrom that he would take care of Bergman in Italy, protecting her from gossip. On 9 March 1949, she said goodbye to America and to her husband, and flew to Rome. The magic began. Less than two weeks later, she wrote to Lindstrom, asking for a divorce. In May, she was pregnant. Robertino was born on 2 February 1950.
Bergman obtained a divorce in Mexico and a proxy marriage was arranged on 24 May 1950 at 10:30 AM in Mexico City. On 1 November 1950, the Lindstrom divorce was granted in Los Angeles, California.
The life of an Italian housewife was difficult for Bergman's adaptation. She picked up the language well enough, but was always a step behind the tempo and the subtleties of Italian humor, social exchange and everyday living. They had continual money problems as Rossellini spent money with total disregard. Bergman had never been comfortable with extravagance or waste. He would not let her work for any other director, with whom she could have made a much greater income.
They began work on their second film together, Europa '51 in October 1951. During the filming, Ingrid became pregnant again, this time with twins. She became so large that she entered the nursing home for the last weeks of her pregnancy, and delivered two husky baby girls, Isabella, 7 lbs 3 oz, and Isotta, 8 lbs 5 oz, on 18 June 1952.
Domesticity did not wear well. The Rossellini family fights became regular and dramatic, and Bergman returned to drinking heavily. It took years to discover that Rossellini had returned to his old, womanizing ways. By 1957, Rossellini's affair with the Indian actress Sonali Gupta created fresh scandal, while Bergman developed a close friendship with playwright Robert Anderson. When they separated, Bergman kept the children, though later she sent them to live with their father.
In 1958, she married the Swedish producer Lars Schmidt, who, by 1970, had fallen in love with a young Parisian woman. He and Bergman remained friends. Her Hollywood ostracism was now over and she made a number of films in the late '50s and early '60s, including The Inn of the Sixth Happiness and The Yellow Rolls-Royce.
In June 1977, while starring in a play, Waters of the Moon, Bergman received word that Rossellini had died of a heart attack at 71. The following day, Lars Schmidt called to say that his lover had given birth to a baby boy. The cycle of life went on.
Bergman died of from breast cancer at 12:00 AM on 29 August 1982 at age 67 in London, England. A copy of the novella The Little Prince was at her bedside, opened to a page near the end.
- associate relationship with Entertainment: Casablanca (born 26 November 1942). Notes: Played Ilsa Lund
- lover relationship with Cooper, Gary (born 7 May 1901)
- lover relationship with Tracy, Spencer (born 5 April 1900). Notes: 1941
- opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Hopper, Hedda (born 2 May 1885). Notes: Hopper waged negative campaign against Bergman
- parent->child relationship with Rossellini, Ingrid (born 18 June 1952)
- parent->child relationship with Rossellini, Isabella (born 18 June 1952)
- parent->child relationship with Rossellini, Robertino (born 2 February 1950)
- spouse relationship with Rossellini, Roberto (born 8 May 1906)
- role played of/by Anastasia, Grand Duchess (born 18 June 1901). Notes: 1956 film "Anastasia"
- role played of/by Joan of Arc (born 6 January 1412 Jul.Cal. (15 Jan 1412 greg.)). Notes: 1953-1954 play "Joan of Arc at the Stake"
- role played of/by Meir, Golda (born 2 May 1898 Jul.Cal. (14 May 1898 greg.)). Notes: 1962 TV film "A Woman Called Golda"
- Death of Mother 1918 (Age three when mother died)
- Misc. : Great Insight 1927 (Age 11, said she was going to be actress)
- Death of Father 1929 (Dad died)
- Relationship : Marriage 1937 (Peter Lindstrom)
- Work : Gain social status 1943 (Appeared in "Casablanca," Best Picture Oscar)
- Work : Prize 1945 (Oscar)
- Work : Prize 1946 (Tony)
- Relationship : Meet a significant person 26 September 1948 (Met Rossolini in Paris)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Relationship : Begin significant relationship January 1949 (Rossellini visited her in Hollywood, began affair)
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- Relationship : Begin significant relationship 9 March 1949 (Joined Rossellini in Italy, began affair)
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- Family : Change in family responsibilities 2 February 1950 (Boy born, Robertino)
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- Work : Prize 1957 (Oscar)
- Relationship : Marriage 1958 (Lars Schmidt)
- Work : Prize 1959 (Emmy)
- Death by Disease 29 August 1982 at 12:00 midnight in London (Breast cancer, age 67 exactly)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Copy of B.R. in hand from Ivan Nilsson of Sweden, 3/1985
Biography: Laurence Leamer, "As Time Goes By," Harper & Row.
The biography by Donald Spoto, Harper Collins, 1997, gives a wrong time on p.3, relating that the new father was given the news at "a quarter past 11 on a Sunday evening."
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Cancer (Terminal)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Alcohol (Heavy, depressed)
- Family : Childhood : Disadvantaged (Raised by succession of mother-figures)
- Family : Relationship : Divorce friendly (Friendly divorce from Schmitt)
- Family : Relationship : Divorce bitter (Bitter divorce from Lindstrom)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Divorces (Three)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Three)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (With Roberto Rossellini, who later had affairs)
- Family : Parenting : Abusive - Neglectful (Neglected Pia, first child)
- Family : Parenting : Hardship - Little money (Son born out of wedlock)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Three daughters and one son)
- Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Sweden to USA)
- Vocation : Entertainment : Actor/ Actress (Film, TV, stage, radio)
- Vocation : Entertainment : Live Stage (Legitimate theater all her life along with films)
- Notable : Awards : Emmy ("Turn of the Screw")
- Notable : Awards : Oscar (Seven nominations, two Oscars)
- Notable : Awards : Tony ("Joan of Lorraine")
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women