Bendemann, Lida

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Bendemann, Lida Gender: F
Lida Schadow
born on 16 August 1821 at 13:00 (= 1:00 PM )
Place Berlin, Germany, 52n29, 13e21
Timezone LMT m13e21 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 23°13' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 02°27 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 18°10'

Lida Bendemann (1847 portrait by her husband Eduard Bendemann)


German socialite, the wife of noted painter Eduard Bendemann, she is especially known today for her long-term correspondence with her friend Clara Schumann. Lida and Eduard Bendemann maintained a circle of artistic friends, such as the composer Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, and the musician couple Clara and Robert Schumann, who dedicated his work Bilder aus Osten (op. 66) to her in 1849.

Guests at the Bendemanns' glamorous Düsseldorf parties included the musicians Clara Schumann, Johannes Brahms and Joseph Joachim, the historian Heinrich von Sybel and the genre painters Ludwig Knaus and Benjamin Vautier. In the winter of 1863, the Bendemanns took in Schumann's daughter Julie (11 March 1845 – 10 November 1872) at Düsseldorf, while she was suffering from health problems. Clara Schumann stayed in close contact with Lida Bendemann for many years, the latter documented their friendship in an exchange of letters that remains of particular importance for musicology.

Lida was the only daughter of the Berlin sculptor Gottfried Schadow from his second marriage to Caroline Henriette Rosenstiel (1784-1832), a daughter of the Prussian State Councillor Friedrich Philipp Rosenstiel. Her brothers from this marriage were Richard (7 February 1818 - 20 August 1918), the sculptor Felix and Julius (22 July 1824 - 1827). Her half-brothers from her father's first marriage were the sculptor Ridolfo Schadow and the painter Wilhelm von Schadow, the founder of the Düsseldorf school of painting.

Through her marriage to the history painter Eduard Bendemann, a student of her half-brother Wilhelm, she became sister-in-law to Pauline Bendemann and her husband, the painter Julius Hübner. Through her marriage she also became the daughter-in-law of the Jewish banker Anton Heinrich Bendemann (born Aaron Hirsch Bendix, 1775-1866) and his wife Fanny Eleonore (1778-1857), a daughter of the banker Joel Samuel von Halle.

(Lida Bendemann is not to be confused with her niece Fanny Adelheid Bendemann (25 October 1847 - 9 January 1910), the daughter of Lida's brother-in-law, the secret chief mining officer Emil Bendemann (1807-1882). She became the wife of the chemist and Nobel Prize winner Adolf von Baeyer and also bore the nickname Lida.)

Lida Schadow grew up in the bourgeois and artistic milieu of her parents' home in Berlin, where as a child she sat for a bust by Heinrich Kaehler and for a portrait by Eduard Magnus. She became engaged to the painter Eduard Bendemann on 21 February 1838. The couple married on 28 October 1838 before Lida came of age. Her husband had studied painting at the art academies in Berlin and Düsseldorf and had completed military service with a regiment in Düsseldorf. Already well known for paintings such as The Mourning Jews in Exile, The Two Girls at the Well and Jeremiah on the Ruins of Jerusalem, he was one of the leading painters in Germany.

In June 1838, this earned him a position as professor and head of the art academy in Dresden, where the couple lived until 1859. In 1840 the Bendemanns and the Hübners each moved into a floor in the house of the Dresden sculptor Ernst Rietschel, and in 1847 they shared a house with the Hübners in Dresden's Struvegasse. When Lida's husband became director of the Düsseldorf Art Academy in 1859, the family moved to the Rhine, first to the Grand Hotel Breidenbacher Hof on Düsseldorf's Alleestraße, then to Goltsteinstraße 2, where the Bendemanns lived until 1868 and in the house in the Hofgarten - as well as Lida's niece Sophie Hasenclever a few houses down - maintained an art-loving bourgeois salon. In 1866-1867 the couple lived in Rome for a while.

After Eduard Bendemann developed increasing health problems and was retrenched on 1 January 1868, Lida and her husband, who occasionally gave private lessons, lived a secluded life in Berlin. Only at an advanced age, in the 1880s, did the couple live together with their ailing son Rudolf, who died in Italy in 1884, again in Düsseldorf, where Eduard died on 27 December 1889 at Jägerhofstrasse 7. He died of influenza and pneumonia. She died five years later on 5 August 1895 in Düsseldorf at age 73.

A portrait that her husband completed in their ninth year of marriage on 21 February 1847 in Dresden shows Lida Bendemann at the age of 25. The portrait, which is based on the portrait painting style of the Italian late Renaissance and corresponds to the Nazarene ideal of beauty, has been held in the Museum Kunstpalast collection since 1927. In addition, Bendemann created a portrait of his wife in old age.

An album compiled by Lida Bendemann from around 1860 to 1890 as well as portrait photographs of the Bendemann family are kept by the Dresden State Art Collections.

Link to Wikipedia biography (German)


  • spouse relationship with Bendemann, Eduard (born 3 December 1811). Notes: Married 1838-1889
  • sibling relationship with Schadow, Wilhelm von (born 6 September 1788). Notes: Half-siblings, same father


  • Relationship : Marriage 28 October 1838 (Eduard Bendemann)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mate 27 December 1889 (Eduard Bendemann, pneumonia, age 78)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Church book birth entry in hand from Sy Scholfield, copy on file ("Lida Schadow").


  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged
  • Family : Childhood : Family large
  • Family : Childhood : Family noted
  • Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Eduard Bendemann, painter)
  • Family : Relationship : Widowed (1889)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Six)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Groups (Salon)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Lived in Rome, Italy)
  • Vocation : Beauty : Model (Artist's)
  • Notable : Famous : Socialite