Barnum, P. T.
|Birthname||Barnum, Phineas Taylor|
|born on||5 July 1810|
|Place||Bethel, Connecticut, 41n22, 73w25|
|Timezone||LMT m73w25 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||12°55' or|
American showman and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus. Although Barnum was also an author, publisher, philanthropist, and for some time a politician, he said of himself, "I am a showman by profession... and all the gilding shall make nothing else of me", and his personal aims were "to put money in his own coffers".
Barnum is widely, but erroneously, credited with coining the phrase "There's a sucker born every minute". Barnum became a small-business owner in his early twenties, and founded a weekly newspaper, before moving to New York City in 1834. He embarked on an entertainment career, first with a variety troupe called "Barnum's Grand Scientific and Musical Theater", and soon after by purchasing Scudder's American Museum, which he renamed after himself. Barnum used the museum as a platform to promote hoaxes and human curiosities such as the Feejee mermaid and General Tom Thumb.
In 1850 he promoted the American tour of singer Jenny Lind, paying her an unprecedented $1,000 a night for 150 nights. After economic reversals due to bad investments in the 1850s, and years of litigation and public humiliation, he used a lecture tour, mostly as a temperance speaker, to emerge from debt. His museum added America's first aquarium and expanded the wax-figure department.
Barnum served two terms in the Connecticut legislature in 1865 as a Republican for Fairfield. With the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution over slavery and African-American suffrage, Barnum spoke before the legislature and said, "A human soul, ‘that God has created and Christ died for,’ is not to be trifled with. It may tenant the body of a Chinaman, a Turk, an Arab or a Hottentot – it is still an immortal spirit".
Elected in 1875 as Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, he worked to improve the water supply, bring gas lighting to streets, and enforce liquor and prostitution laws. Barnum was instrumental in starting Bridgeport Hospital, founded in 1878, and was its first president.
The circus business was the source of much of his enduring fame. He established "P. T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan & Hippodrome", a traveling circus, menagerie and museum of "freaks", which adopted many names over the years.
Barnum died in his sleep at home at 6:22 PM on 7 April 1891, aged 80.
- role played of/by Beery, Wallace (born 1 April 1886). Notes: 1930 film "A Lady's Morals"; 1934 film "The Mighty Barnum"
- role played of/by Berley, André (born 13 January 1890). Notes: 1932 film "Jenny Lind"
- role played of/by Bridges, Beau (born 9 December 1941). Notes: 1989 TV movie "P. T. Barnum"
- role played of/by Crawford, Michael (born 19 January 1942). Notes: 1986 musical film "Barnum!"
- role played of/by Ives, Burl (born 14 June 1909). Notes: 1967 film "Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon"
- role played of/by Jackman, Hugh (born 12 October 1968). Notes: 2017 film "The Greatest Showman"
- role played of/by Lancaster, Burt (born 2 November 1913). Notes: 1986 TV movie "Barnum"
Lepoivre has the time 8.30 am, source unknown. Same in Grazia Bordoni database, 'entertainment' file, p. 12. Penfield speculated for 0.30 LMT. Starkman rectified it to 8.12.22 LMT.
Sy Scholfield quotes time of death from The New York Times Book of the Dead: Obituaries of Extraordinary People by William McDonald (Hachette UK, 2016): "April 7, 1891. Bridgeport, Conn.--At 6:22 o'clock tonight the long sickness of P. T. Barnum came to an end by his quietly passing away at Marina, his residence in this city."
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Age difference more than 15 yrs (Second wife 40 years his junior)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four)
- Lifestyle : Work : Skills - Multi-faceted
- Lifestyle : Financial : Extreme ups and downs
- Lifestyle : Financial : Philanthropist
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (80 years old)
- Vocation : Business : Business owner
- Vocation : Business : Entrepreneur
- Vocation : Entertainment : Circus/ Animal acts
- Vocation : Entertainment : Live Stage
- Vocation : Politics : Public office
- Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
- Vocation : Writers : Publisher/ Editor
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
- Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Barnum & Bailey Circus)