|Birthname||Samuel Selmar Aschheim|
|born on||4 October 1878 at 06:15 (= 06:15 AM )|
|Place||Berlin, Germany, 52n29, 13e21|
|Timezone||LMT m13e21 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||10°51' 21°52 Asc. 11°30'|
German gynaecologist, a specialist concerning gynaecological histology and hormone research. In 1928 with endocrinologist Bernhard Zondek (1891-1966), he isolated the gonadotropic hormone known as human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which was discovered in the urine of pregnant women. From their research the "Aschheim-Zondek test" for pregnancy was created, which involved injection of a patient's urine into an immature laboratory mouse. If the rodent displayed an estrous reaction, it represented a positive indication of pregnancy.
The two doctors published the findings of the hormone in a treatise titled Das Hormon des Hypophysenvorderlappens. At the time they believed that the gonadotrophin was produced by the anterior pituitary, however further research in the 1940s demonstrated that the placenta was responsible for the elaboration of the hormone.
Selmar Aschheim fled Nazi Germany in 1933 and moved to Paris, where he worked in medical research at the Hôpital Beaujon. He died on 15 February 1965 in Paris, aged 86.
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Berlin archives.
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Fled from Nazi Germany to France)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 86)
- Vocation : Education : Researcher (Medical)
- Vocation : Education : Teacher
- Vocation : Medical : Physician (Gynaecologist)
- Vocation : Science : Biology
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Medical)
- Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator ("Aschheim-Zondek test")