Alcott, Abigail

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Alcott, Abigail Gender: F
Abigail May
born on 8 October 1800
Place Boston, Massachusetts, 42n22, 71w04
Timezone LMT m71w04 (is local mean time)
Data source
Date w/o time
Rodden Rating X
Collector: Taglilatelo
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 15°09' s_mo.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif

Abigail Alcott


American noted family, the wife of Amos Bronson Alcott and mother of Louisa May Alcott. She was the model for Marmee, the mother in "Little Women."

The youngest of 12 children, only five of whom lived, she was sickly as an infant and young child. She admitted in her own brief autobiographical sketch that because of her frailt health she was spoiled as a child, indulged with love, care, good food and lots of time for reading. She describes herself as willful though generally good, a woman who was brought up to be submissive but who could be quite willful.

Her father Joseph May was the wealthy owner of a shipping business and philanthropist, who lost his business at the hands of unscrupulous colleagues. He then worked for an insurance company. Her mother, Dorothy Sewall May, was a descendant of the Quincy and Sewall families. Both Dorothy and Joseph stressed education and the arts in the family. They lost five babies before Abigail was born, had a stillborn the year after she was born, and lost their young son Edward, then age 6, to an accident in 1802.

Abigail's brother Sam became her teacher and protector and they remained close throughout their lives. Their beloved mother died in October 1825 and their father remarried a year later. Through her brother Sam, she met young Amos Bronson Alcott, a poor educator in 1827. She and Bronson shared ideals, a love for education and the humanities. They became engaged in August 1828 and married Mary 23, 1830 at Kings Chapel in Boston, MA.

Moving to Germantown, near Philadelphia, where Bronson could pursue his dream of becoming a teacher, they lived on very little money in rented lodgings. Their first two daughters were born there, Anna on March 16, 1831 and Louisa May on November 29, 1832. Abigail all together had 8 or 9 pregnancies but only four children lived beyond their birth. The couple moved back to Boston and had two other children who survived birth, Elizabeth born on June 24, 1835 in Boston. Finally they settled in Concord, MA where May was born on July 26, 1840. Abigail's father Joseph with whom she had had a strained relationship much of her life died a year later in 1841.

Her marriage with Bronson was also sometimes stormy. Friction arose out of their lack of money and unconventional lifestyle based on his ideologies that didn't pay the bills or put food on their table. Nevertheless their marriage remained strong throughout their life despite periods of stress and periods spent apart. Abigail considered one of struggles was to be able to exert her will in a time when women were expected to be submissive.

Abigail died at twilight (accordingto her biographer Cynthia Barton) on November 25, 1877 in Concord, MA. She was 77.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • parent->child relationship with Alcott, Anna (born 16 March 1831)
  • parent->child relationship with Alcott, May (born 26 July 1840)


  • Family trauma 1802 (Brother Edward died)
  • Death of Mother 1825
  • Relationship : Begin significant relationship 1827 (Bronson Alcott)
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 16 March 1831 (Daughter Anna born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 29 November 1832 (Daughter Louisa May was born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 24 June 1835 (Daughter Elizabeth was born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 26 July 1840 (Daughter May was born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Father 1841
  • Death, Cause unspecified 25 November 1877 (In Concord, MA, age 77)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

PT quotes biography for date without time: Transcendental Wife" by Cynthia H. Barton, University Press of America, c1996.


  • Family : Childhood : Family large
  • Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event
  • Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Youngest of 12)
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs
  • Family : Parenting : Birthing - Miscarriages
  • Family : Parenting : Hardship - Little money
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3
  • Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted (Daughter was Louisa May Alcott)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Many children stillborn, miscarried or died in infancy)