Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Gender: M
Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich
born on 24 July 1817 at 21:30 (= 9:30 PM )
Place Wiesbaden, Germany, 50n05, 8e14
Timezone LMT m8e14 (is local mean time)
Data source
News report
Rodden Rating A
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 01°30' s_mo.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 16°07 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 18°07'

Grand Duke of Luxembourg Adolphe (circa 1860)


Duke of Nassau by birth, who was the first monarch of Luxembourg from the House of Nassau-Weilburg.

He was a son of Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (1792–1839) and his first wife Princess Luise of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Adolphe's half-sister, Sophia of Nassau, was the wife of Oscar II of Sweden.

Adolphe became Duke of Nassau in August 1839, after the death of his father. He supported the Austrian Empire in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. After Austria's defeat, Nassau was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia and he lost his throne on 20 September 1866.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which had been linked to the Netherlands in personal union since 1815, passed to Adolphe on 23 November 1890 through family connections in accordance with the Nassau Family Pact.

On 31 January 1844, Adolphe married firstly in St. Petersburg to Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia, niece of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia. She died less than a year afterwards giving birth to a stillborn daughter.

On 23 April 1851, he remarried in Dessau to Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau. They had five children, of whom only two lived to the age of eighteen and became prince and princess of Luxembourg.

He died on 17 November 1905, aged 88, in Schloss Hohenburg, Lenggries.

Link to Wikipedia biography



  • Relationship : Marriage 31 January 1844 (Grand Duchess Elizabeta Mikhailovna of Russia)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mate 28 January 1845 (Grand Duchess Elizabeta Mikhailovna of Russia)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 23 April 1851 (Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from Adolph, Herzog zu Nassau, Grossherzog von Luxemburg, 1817-1905 by Pierre Even and Wolfgang Podehl (Selbstverlag der Hessischen Landesbibliothek Wiesbaden, 1992), p. 11: "Biebrich am Rhein, am 24. Juli 1817. Im Westpavillon des Residenzschlosses wd abends zwischen neun und zehn Uhr Herzogin Luise, Gemahlin des Herzogs Wilhelm zu Nassau, von ihrem dritten Kinde entbunden."

Translation: Biebrich am Rhein, 24 July 1817. Duchess Luise, wife of Duke Wilhelm of Nassau, was delivered of her third child in the west pavilion of the Residenzschloss in the evening between nine and ten o'clock.

Previously, Scholfield forwarded news report from "Österreichischer Beobachter," 2 Aug. 1817, p. 4: "Nachrichten aus Biberich zufolge, ist die regierende Frau Herzoginn zu Nassau am 24. d. M. Abends um 10 Uhr, zur größten Freude der Herzogl. Familie und des ganzen Landes, glücklich von einem Prinzen entbunden worden."

[According to news from Biebrich, the governing wife of the Archduke of Nassau, on the evening of the 24th at 10 o'clock, to the greatest joy of the Royal Family, and the whole country, was happily delivered of a prince].


  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Five)
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 88)