Álvarez Bravo, Manuel
|born on||3 February 1902 at 09:00 (= 09:00 AM )|
|Place||Mexico City, Mexico, 19n24, 99w09|
|Timezone||LMT m99w09 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||13°54' 17°27 Asc. 27°16'|
Mexico’s first principal artistic photographer and the most important figure in 20th-century Latin American photography. He was raised in Mexico City. While he took art classes at the Academy of San Carlos, his photography is self-taught. His career spanned from the late 1920s to the 1990s with its artistic peak between the 1920s to the 1950s. His hallmark as a photographer was to capture images of the ordinary but in ironic or surrealistic ways. His early work was based on European influences, but he was soon influenced by the Mexican muralism movement and the general cultural and political push at the time to redefine Mexican identity. He rejected the picturesque, employing elements to avoid stereotyping. Over his career he had numerous exhibitions of his work, worked in the Mexican cinema and established Fondo Editorial de la Plástica Mexicana publishing house. He won numerous awards for his work, mostly after 1970.
Alvarez Bravo married three times, with all three wives photographers in their own right. His first wife was Lola Alvarez Bravo, whom he married in 1925, just as he was beginning his career as a freelance photographer. He taught her the craft but she did not achieve the renown that he did. They had one son, Manuel and separated in 1934. His second wife was Doris Heyden and his third was French photographer Colette Álvarez Urbajtel.
In 1973 he donated his personal collection of photographs and cameras to the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. An additional 400 photographs are purchased by the Mexican government for the Museo de Arte Moderno.
He died on 19 October 2002, aged 100, in Mexico City.
- associate relationship with Breton, André (born 19 February 1896)
- associate relationship with Modotti, Tina (born 16 August 1896)
- friend relationship with Soriano, Juan (born 18 August 1920)
- spouse relationship with Álvarez Bravo, Lola (born 1 April 1903). Notes: 1925-1948
Sy Scholfield provided birth registry entry from Distrito Federal archives. Wikipedia has 4 February apparently in error.
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Three)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Centenarian, age 100)
- Vocation : Art : Photography
- Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Most important figure in 20th-century Latin American photography)