|Birthname||Verdi, Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco|
|born on||10 October 1813 at 20:00 (= 8:00 PM )|
|Place||Roncole, Italy, 45n01, 10e04|
|Timezone||LMT m10e04 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||17°05' 28°02 Asc. 14°55'|
Italian musician and composer who became known as the Grand Old Man of Italian opera. His first opera, "Oberto," was written at the age of 20 and was followed by 30 more, including "Rigoletto," 1851, La Traviata," 1853, "Aida," 1871 and "Falstaff," 1893.
Verdi's dad was keeper of a tavern and grocery, illiterate and too poor to give his son an education. However the boy showed his musical gift at an early age and attracted the attention of Antonio Barezzi, a merchant who loved music. Barezzi helped Giuseppe with his education. At 18, he went to Milan to study for three years.
Verdi took the post of musical director of Busseto, near his birth village, and in 1836, he married the daughter of his patron, Margherita Barezzi. He had an opera produced in 1839 that was so successful that he was commissioned to compose three more for the Milanese theater.
His work came to a tragic stop, however, when he lost his family. He and his first wife Margherita (who died 6/18/1840) had two children, Virginia (3/26/1837 - 8/12/1838) and Icilio Romano (11/11/1838 - 10/22/1839). His opera "un giorno di regno" was a total flop that was soundly jeered by the audience on 9/05/1840, leaving a lasting psychological imprint on his attitude toward critics and the press. Overcome with despair, he vowed he would never compose again.
Two years later, he reluctantly accepted a commission. The result established his reputation in Italy with the release of "Nabucco," in 1842, taking him to Paris where he lived from 1847-1849.
He returned to Busseto with his mistress, Giuseppina Strepponi. Now a man of some wealth, he purchased Sant'Agata, which was his home for the rest of his life. After a scandal-ridden interlude in which both Verdi and Strepponi seemed reluctant to marry, they finally legalized their union in 1859.
From 1855, Verdi reigned as an international figure and outstanding success. With more patriotism than taste for politics, he agreed to run for office and was elected to Parliament in 1861, but took no active role and resigned in 1865. After his "Four Sacred Pieces" in 1898, he wrote no more. His beloved wife had died the prior year, and he himself was failing in strength.
Died on 1/27/1901, Milan, Italy
- Social : Begin a program of study 1831 (Benefactor sent him to Milan to study)
- Relationship : Marriage 1836 (First wife, Margherita Barezzi)
- Death of Child 1840 (Both kids died)
- Death of Mate 1840 (Margherita died)
- Family : Change residence 1847 (Moved to Paris)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1851 (Opera, "Rigoletto")
- Relationship : Marriage 1859 (Second wife Giuseppina Strepponi)
- Work : New Career 1861 (Elected to Parliament)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1867 (Opera, "Don Carlos")
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1871 (Opera, "Aida")
- Death of Mate 1898 (Giuseppina died)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1898 (Last written piece)
Lockhart in Constellations '77 quotes the biography, "Gerick and Pougin," 1886. Same in Sabian Symbols No.926. Shelley Jordan quotes church documents from the archive of San Michel Arcangelo in Roncole, which state that, "a priest baptised a male child this morning... born yesterday, October 10, 1813, at the eighth hour of the day." The Civil Record has the same information. "Verdi, a Biography," by Mary Jane Phillips-Matz, co-founder of the American Institute for Verdi Studies at NYU, Oxford Press, 1993, quotes Verdi himself, "My mother always told me I was born at nine in the evening on the ninth day of October, 1814." He claimed that he looked at his B.C. for the first time when he was 62; afterwards, he would say that he had been born in 1813, but on October 9th. His parents owned a small local tavern and were land-owners, so could well have had a clock. However, the biographer sides with records and not with Verdi, as he was known to be capable of totally distorting reality, especially time.
T.Pat Davis reports that "A PBS TV documentary (given 10/24 and 10/31/1983), gave considerable attention to discussing Verdi's early afternoon birth and the birth place was shown. The birth time was stated clearly: 2:08 PM." Davis rectifies to 13:16:54 GMT.
LMR questions that perhaps the TV research team had interpreted "the eighth hour of the day" to mean eight hours after dawn? (Dawn was 6:12 AM LMT)
May 2002: Tony Louis sends a website report on the birth of Giuseppe Verdi. His birth certificate is kept in the Archives of the Busseto Municipality and was presented on the website (but did not copy)
"In the year 1813, on the day of 12th October at nine o'clock in the morning, there appeared at the Mayor's office of Busseto in the Department of Taro one Carlo Verdi, aged 28, an innkeeper of Roncole, to announce the birth of a male child on the 10th of this month at 8 o'clock in the evening, declaring the child to be his and Luigia Uttini's, a spinner, living in Roncole, his wife, and that the child be given the first names of Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco.
"For many years Verdi believed his birthday to be October 9, 1814 because 'this is what his mother had told him' and claiming that only after seeing the baptismal record in 1876 did he realize he was both a day younger and a year older than he had supposed. How he managed to obtain passports and marry twice without being aware of his actual birthdate is one of those mysteries which fits perfectly into the many other mysteries surrounding his own 'take' on his biography, which is quite often at odds with contemporary witnesses: Verdi was an intensely private person and preferred to draw a veil over certain matters in order to guard this privacy.
"The initial confusion about the actual day of his birth may have arisen from the certificate of baptism of 11th October 1813, which states that the child was born 'yesterday', taken to mean October 9, because, according to some sources, in the early part of the 19th century (church) days were reckoned to begin and end at sundown: the 11th would thus have begun at sundown on the 10th, and 'yesterday at 8 p.m.' would indicate 8 p.m. of October 9. The civil birth certificate above, dated 12th October 1813 and based on father Carlo Verdi's declaration, clearly states that 'Joseph Fortunin François' - the names are given in French due to napoleonic rule in that part of Italy at the time - was born on the 10th."
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (Second marriage 38 years)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (First wife died)
- Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Two kids died)
- Lifestyle : Work : Intern/ Apprentice (Education sponsered by Barezzi)
- Lifestyle : Work : Loss of job (Didn't work for two yrs. following wife's death)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Rags to riches
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 87)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Composer/ Arranger (30+ operas)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Music teacher (Musical director)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Vocalist/Opera
- Vocation : Politics : Public office (M.P., one term)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book