|born on||3 February 1249 Jul.Cal. (10 Feb 1249 greg.) at 16:00 (= 4:00 PM )|
|Place||Fuzhou (Jiangxi), China, 28n01, 116e20|
|Timezone||LMT m116e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||22°10' 17°35 Asc. 29°47'|
Chinese scholar, educator, and poet who lived in the late Song dynasty and Yuan dynasty.
His early training was in the Zhu Xi (1130-1200) lineage, but he was also exposed to the idea of harmonizing the Zhu Xi teachings with those of Lu Xiangshan (1139-1193). This synthetic tendency was apparent in Wu’s later writings and exerted an influence on the development of xinxue 心學 (the School of the Mind and Heart) in the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1912) eras.
Among Wu Cheng's contributions there is a famous condemnation of the divination practice as described in the "Great Plan" (Hongfan 洪範) section of the Book of Documents, a classic for which he provided an alternative organization to the orthodox arrangement.
Wu wrote original and critical commentaries on almost all of the classics, and the Dao de jing, but his greatest achievements were philosophical, in discussing the limits on human understanding of ideas like taiji (the Great Ultimate), and in emphasizing the need to crystallize moral truths within oneself (ningdao 凝道).
He died at noon on 5 August 1333, aged 85.
- Death, Cause unspecified 5 August 1333 Jul.Cal. (13 Aug 1333 greg.) at 12:00 noon (Age 85)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield quotes from "The life and Career of Wu Ch'eng: A Biography and Introduction" by David Gedalecia, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 99, No. 4 (Oct-Dec 1979), pp. 601-641: "The Master was born on the nineteenth day of the first moon in the ninth year of Ch'un-yu, when the cyclical year was ssu-yu, during the Sung period (February 3, 1249 A.D.)" (p. 12); "CHRONOLOGY 1249: born February 3. between three and five P.M., in prefecture of Fu-chou in southeastern Kiangsi" (p. 35); "1333: on July 14 confined to bed with illness; died August 5, about noon, in his eighty-fifth year" (p. 37).
The style of the calendar used is not stated in the article. Dieter Koch deduced that it has to be Julian calendar, because only in this calendar 3 February 1249 is the 19th day after the begin of a lunar month.
- Vocation : Humanities+Social Sciences : Philosopher
- Vocation : Writers : Critic
- Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy
- Vocation : Writers : Poet