|born on||2 May 1912 at 05:20 (= 05:20 AM )|
|Place||Rotterdam, Netherlands, 51n55, 4e29|
|Timezone||LST m4e53 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||11°25' 20°43 Asc. 29°14'|
Dutch writer of comic strips, creator of Tom Puss and Oliver B. Bumble.
Toonder (his name means "show it") became famous for his Tom Puss and Oliver B. Bumble series (1941-1990). As he wrote them for influential news papers like the "Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant" (NRC), he had a great influence on the Dutch language by introducing genial new words and expressions. Neologisms like "Minkukel", "zielknijper", "denkraam" and "kommer en kwel" were introduced by his strip heroes and enriched the Dutch language. "Ziel knijper" for shrink translates as "soul squeezer". Because of his original, typically Jungian symbolic word use, his work is difficult to translate.
Toonders father Marten Toonder (16 Nov 1879, Warffum - 24 May 1965, Leiden ) was a sea captain of The Holland America Line. He brought home comics from America for his children. As the father was absent and the mother Trijntje Huizinga (2 March 1886, Uithuizen - 5 February 1970, Leiden) left the kids with strips alone, both Marten and his brother Jan Gerhard Toonder, could develop a vivid imagination. They shared an interest in mystery and the occult. Jan Gerhard would become a prolific writer and professional astrologer and Marten Toonders strips had always an adventurous and mysterious mood.
After a short visit to the Rotterdam art academy (1932) Toonder worked as an illustrator (1933). From 1934-38, he illustrates for the "Nieuwsblad van het Noorden" (newspaper of the Nord) the for children meant strip "Thijs IJs, de ijsbeer" about an ice-bear for which his brother Jan Gerhard wrote the text.
In 1941 the Dutch paper De Telegraaf looked for a replacement for the strip "Mickey Mouse", that could not be imported from the US, because of the war. He then wrote his first strip "Tom Poes ontdekt het geheim van de blauwe aarde" ((Tom Puss discovers the secret of the blue earth, 1941). He stopped with it in 1944 under the guise of having manic depressive illness, but actually because of the fact that an annoying him SS man became his Telegraaf editor-in-chief.
After the war, the Toonder studio published Tom Puss and Oliver B. Bumble strips for national and international papers. The writers content deepened to adult and above level and even intellectuals admitted that they eagerly awaited the next NRC strip. In Holland, Bumble strips were at last seen as literature, allowed even for the Dutch book lists of the higher education levels.
Marten Toonder's work is now part of the Digital Library of Dutch Letters (DBNL). As is his brother's work (Jan Gerhard Toonder DBNL), who was a prolific writer like him. But their shared interest in astrology is seldom mentioned in the official writings about Dutch Letters.
In 1967, 140 Bommel (Bumble ) stories appeared in pocket edition (48 parts) from the publishing house De Bezige Bij. Millions were sold. In 1986, he wrote the last Bumle, for nrc-Handelsblad, by having Olivier Bommel marry and settle for a comfortable future devoid of adventure.
Toonder lived in countryside of Ireland from 1965 till the early 1990s. He was a private person who disliked the rumour of the city.
On 31 May 1935 he married the cartoonist Alfine Kornélie Dik (14 September 1912, Rotterdam - 7 August 1990, Blackrock), artist name Phiny Dick, who was once his neighbour. They got two sons: Eiso Jan Gerhard and Onno Maarten Toonder.
On 23 May 1996 he married the Dutch composer Tera de Marez Oyens (5 August 1932, Velsen - 29 August 1996, Hilversum). She was gravely ill and died the same year.
Toonder died in his sleep on July 27, 2005 in the retirement home for artists Rosa Spier in Laren.
- other associate with Cocheret, Charles Albert (born 4 September 1880)
- sibling relationship with Toonder, Jan Gerhard (born 18 July 1914)
Selma Schepel quotes the Archive of his brother Jan Gerhard Toonder (AT) for 05h20 AMT in Sterrentijd No 29. The same does Koppejan in Beeldgids van de dierenriem referring to Toonders Schrijvers ABC.
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Metaphysical (Marten Toonder, Een eenvoudige doch voedzame maaltijd (1972))
- Vocation : Art : Cartoonist
- Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
- Vocation : Writers : Humor (Tom Puss/Oliver B. Bumble series)
- Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Languages (Inventor of new words and expressions)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession (Made (world) literature of comic strips)