Soupault, Philippe

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Soupault, Philippe Gender: M
born on 2 August 1897 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )
Place Chaville, France, 48n48, 2e10
Timezone LST m2e20 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Geslain
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 10°02' s_mo.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 22°33 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 21°14'

Philippe Soupault


French writer and poet, novelist, critic, and political activist. He was active in Dadaism and later founded the Surrealist movement with André Breton. Soupault initiated the periodical Littérature together with the writers Breton and Louis Aragon in Paris in 1919, which, for many, marks the beginnings of Surrealism. The first book of automatic writing, Les champs magnétiques (1920), was co-authored by Soupault and Breton. He directed Radio Tunis from 1937 to 1940, when he was arrested by the pro-Vichy regime. He fled successfully to Algiers.

After imprisonment by the Nazis during World War II, Soupault traveled to the United States, teaching at Swarthmore College but returned subsequently to France in October 1945. His works include such large volumes of poetry as Aquarium (1917) and Rose des vents [compass card] (1920) and the novel Les Dernières Nuits de Paris (1928; tr. Last Nights of Paris, 1929).

In 1957 he wrote the libretto for Germaine Tailleferre's Opera La Petite Sirène, based on Hans Christian Andersen's tale "The Little Mermaid". The work was broadcast by French Radio National in 1959.

He died on 12 March 1990 in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • associate relationship with Breton, André (born 19 February 1896). Notes: founders of surrealist movement


Source Notes

Didier Geslain archive has time 3:00 am, from BC. André Breton, a close friend of Soupault, gives 5 am.


  • Vocation : Writers : Poet (surrealist poet and writer)