Sandino, Augusto César
|Birthname||Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino|
|born on||18 May 1895 at 04:00 (= 04:00 AM )|
|Place||Niquinohomo, Nicaragua, 11n54, 86w06|
|Timezone||LST m86w18 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||27°10' 15°18 Asc. 00°39'|
Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua. He was referred to as a "bandit" by the United States government; his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to United States' domination. Drawing units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war, his insurgents never defeated the Americans in battle. The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile. The re-call of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression.
Sandino was assassinated on February 21, 1934 by National Guard forces of Gen. Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later. After being elected by an overwhelming vote as president in 1936, Somoza Garcia resumed control of the National Guard and established a dictatorship and family dynasty that would rule Nicaragua for more than 40 years. Sandino's political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which finally overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.
Sandino is revered in Nicaragua, and in 2010 was unanimously named a "national hero" by the nation's congress. Sandino's political descendants, along with the icons of his wide-brimmed hat and boots, and influence of his writings from the years of warfare against the U.S. Marines, continue to help shape the national identity of Nicaragua.
Sy Scholfield quotes him in "Sandino in the Streets" by Joel C. Sheesley (Indiana University Press, 1991), p. 2: "I was born at four in the morning on the 18th of May, 1895, in the town of La Victoria [Niquinohomo], Department of Masaya, Nicaragua."
Scholfield also notes a birth time of 11 A.M. given in the biography, "Sandino: der General der Unterdrückten : eine politische Biographie" by Frank Niess (Pahl-Rugenstein, 1989), p. 22.
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (revolutionary)
- Notable : Famous : Historic figure