Nation: East Timor

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Nation: East Timor Gender: N/A
born on 20 May 2002 at 00:30 (= 12:30 AM )
Place Dili, East Timor, 8s33, 125e35
Timezone JST h9e (is standard time)
Data source
Timed official source
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 28°29' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 26°11 Asc.s_aqucol.18.gif 24°57'


East Timor Democratic Republic, the first new nation-state of the Third Millennium. East Timor is the poorest country in Asia and one of the poorest in the world. The overall life expectancy of the East Timorese people -- put at 784,000 at home and an estimated 50,000 displaced in West

Timor -- is 57 years. Three in four East Timorese live without electricity and six in ten without sanitation. More than half the population is illiterate, and although 82 % speak the native language, Tetum, only 5 % speak the new second official language, Portuguese. (from "Poor but Free," The Australian, 18-19 May 2002, p. 27)

More information available at ""

Tim Rubald sends the following update:

Actual Events as they unfolded on live ABC radio cross (all in East Timor


12:10am a gospel song is being sung as the flag is marched to the pole -

somewhat behind schedule.

12:17am ceremonial pronouncement speech begins

12:23 Shouts of Viva East Timor! Glory to the heroes of our liberation!

12:24????? about to raise flag - line dropped out!!!!

12:26 resumed broadcast - National Anthem of East Timor being played as

flag goes up pole.

12:27 Anthem finished, the flag is at the top but not yet open.

12:29 the Oath, president Xanana sworn in.

12:30 declaration signed by president Xanana and others.

12:31 presidential acceptance speech begins.

12:37 live broadcast ends with Xanana still talking.

I understand from more recent news reports that the UN flag was lowered at

exactly 12:00am East Timor Time..

I would consider the signing of the declaration to be the true birth of the nation:

2002 May 20 12:30 am East Timor Time [UTC+9hrs], Dili, about 8°32'S, 125°34'E (from old map).

Viva East Timor!

Filipe Ferriera writes 7/2002, "I've watched live all the ceremony on TV. I think the actual time of birth of East-Timor is 0:23:57 (GMT+9), when the President of the Timorese Assembly finished reading the "Declaration of Restoration" (as they called it, because Fretilin had already declared the independence back in 1975...)"


Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes various news reports, e.g. "Timor Wakes Up to Freedom," The Australian, 5/20/2002, p. 1, "At the stroke of midnight [last night] world leaders and dignitaries ... were to witness the swearing in of president-elect Xanana Gusmao and the raising of the red, yellow and black East Timorese flag."

    • Please note that East Timor changed from AWST (8he) to JST (9he) on 16 August 2000. AstroDienst ( incorrectly continues to use AWST

for East Timor. REFERENCE: "United Nations Daily Highlights, 00-08-16"

( "EAST TIMOR SHIFTS TIME ZONE: The Cabinet of the East Timor Transition Administration

decided today to advance East Timor's time by one hour. The time change, which will be permanent, with no seasonal adjustment, will happen at midnight on Saturday, September 16. The decision for the change was taken to

promote energy saving and to bring East Timor in line with the regional time zone."


  • Mundane : Political : Birth of State or Country