Messter, Oskar

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Messter, Oskar Gender: M
Oskar Eduard Messter
born on 21 November 1866 at 21:15 (= 9:15 PM )
Place Berlin, Germany, 52n29, 13e21
Timezone LMT m13e21 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Müller
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 29°21' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 21°04 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 11°05'

Oskar Messter
photo: Unknown, license cc-by-sa-3.0-de


German showman, manufacturer, producer, filmmaker, executive, collector, widely known as 'the Father of the German Film Industry'.

His father had founded a company selling and manufacturing optical equipment in 1859. Messter built and sold his first movie projector in 1896, one of the first projectors using a Geneva drive to achieve the intermittent motion of the film. He is often credited with inventing this application of the Geneva drive, but both Max Gliewe (also in Berlin) and Robert W. Paul in London independently built projectors using this mechanism for film transport at about the same time. Gliewe later joined Messter's company, and together they produced highly successful projectors — already in his first year, Messter sold 64 units.

Messter also immediately entered the film production business and built the first film studio in Germany. In 1897, he already offered 84 films showing a wide variety of scenes. Four years later, he restructured his company into separate firms for film production, distribution, and the manufacturing of optical equipment, including film projectors. He did the first projection of sound film in Germany at the Apollo theatre in Berlin in 1903 with a system called "Biophon" in which a gramophone was coupled to the projector. From 1909 to 1917, his film company produced 350 films. In 1918, he sold his movie companies to the newly founded UFA.

He donated his collection of historical film equipment to the German Museum in 1932.

He died 6 December 1943, Tegernsee.

Link to Wikipedia biography


Source Notes

Arno Müller, vol 2

On 8 Feb 2016 a typo in the date was corrected from 11 to 21 November.


  • Traits : Personality : Creative
  • Vocation : Entertain/Business : Manager/ Agent
  • Vocation : Entertain/Business : Production jobs
  • Notable : Famous : First in Field