Jessurun de Mesquita, Samuel

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Jessurun de Mesquita, Samuel Gender: M
born on 6 June 1868 at 07:30 (= 07:30 AM )
Place Amsterdam, Netherlands, 52n22, 4e54
Timezone LMT m4e54 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 15°48' s_mo.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 27°24 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 02°40'

Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (self-portrait, 1900)


Dutch artist and craftsman who experimented with woodcuts printed in Gold and Black.

His father Josua Jessurun de Mesquita (1827-1873) was a teacher in German and Hebrew at the Stedelijk Gymnasium. His mother Judith Mendes da Costa (1834-1903) came from a artistic family. Both were Sephardic Jews. They got three children. The eldest son Joseph Jessurun de Mesquita went to the gymnasium until 1833. He became a photographer, but committed suicide on 1 April 1890. His sister Hanna "Anna" (25 November 1863?, A'dam - 1939) became a painter. She married her nephew, the sculptor Joseph Mendes da Costa (4 nov 1863, A'dam - 20 July 1939, A'dam) in 1891.

Samuel wanted to become an artist, but he sacked at the admission examinations of the Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten he did at age 14. Thereafter he got a job with the city architect W. Springer (1815-1907). Two years later he studied architecture at the Rijksschool voor Kunstnijverheid and drawing at the Rijksnormaalschool voor Tekenonderwijzers, where he in 1889 became a drawing teacher.

He worked first as an experimental artist and rather invisible member of Arti et Amicitiae. Later he sought for more stability to enable a family. In 1902 Samuel became a teacher at the Haarlem School of Art (School voor Kunstnijverheid). He stayed there for 25 years and became a teacher and friend of Maurits Cornelis Escher en Reijer Stolk.

When in 1926 the Haarlem school of art was closed, he started a second youth as free artist.

From 1933 till 1937 he was a lector of graphic art at the State Academy in Amsterdam. He considered it as a recognition for his work.


On 7 April 1904 he married Elisabeth (Betsie) Pinedo in Amsterdam. In 1905 they got a son Jaap.

As a Sephardic Jew he hoped to be spared, but in the night of 31 January to 1 February 1944, he and his wife Elisabeth (Betsie) Pinedo (12 March 1874 9 AM, Amsterdam - 11 February 1944, Auschwitz) and son Jacob "Jaap" were (20 April 1905, Watergraafsmeer - 30 March 1944, Theresienstadt) were arrested. He and Betsy were deported to Auschwitz, where they were gassed to death 11 February 1944 at arrival. Their son Jaap perished in Theresienstadt.

Link to Wikipedia biography


  • friend relationship with Escher, M. C. (born 17 June 1898). Notes: teacher and friend
  • (has as) student relationship with Verwey, Kees (born 20 April 1900)


  • Death of Sibling 1 April 1890 (suicide of elder brother)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 20 April 1905 in Amsterdam (Jacob)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Crime : Assault/ Battery Victimization 1 February 1944 in Amsterdam (Family arrested)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by War or Terrorism 11 February 1944 in Auschwitz (Gassed to death, age 75)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Steinbrecher quotes Koppejan from B.R. gives 6 June 1908. This is likely to be an error, as other online sources give his birth year as 1868.

Svi retrieved BC from Amsterdam municipal archive yielding 6 June 1868 at 07:30 (des voormiddags ten half acht).

Dutch thesis by art historian Jonieke van Es Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita: leerstelligheid versus werken in trance.


  • Passions : Criminal Victim : Concentration camp (Holocaust victim, gassed to death)
  • Vocation : Art : Commercial artist (Wood carver-printer-craftsman)
  • Vocation : Education : Teacher (Haarlem School of Art)