Leopoldo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
|Birthname||Leopoldo Giovanni Giuseppe Francesco Ferdinando Ca|
|born on||3 October 1797 at 11:00 (= 11:00 AM )|
|Place||Florence, Italy, 43n46, 11e15|
|Timezone||LMT m11e15 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||10°40' 11°14 Asc. 07°12'|
Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1824 to 1859, recognized contemporarily as a liberal monarch, authorizing the Tuscan Constitution of 1848, and allowing a degree of free press.
The Grand Duke was deposed briefly by a provisional government in 1849, only to be restored the same year with the assistance of Austrian troops, who occupied the state until 1855. Leopoldo attempted a policy of neutrality with regard to the Second Italian War of Independence, but was expelled by a bloodless coup on 27 April 1859, just before the beginning of the war. The Grand Ducal family left for Bologna, in Papal territory. Tuscany was occupied by soldiers of Vittorio Emanuel II of Sardinia for the duration of the conflict. The preliminary peace of Villafranca, agreed to between Napoleon III of France and Franz Joseph of Austria on 11 July, provided for the return of the Lorraines to Florence, but Leopoldo himself was considered too unpopular to be accepted, so on 21 July 1859 he abdicated the throne in favour of his son, Ferdinando. Ferdinando was not, however, any more acceptable to the revolutionaries in control of Florence, and his accession was not proclaimed. Instead, the provisional government proclaimed the deposition of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine on 16 August.
Leopoldo II was the son of Ferdinando III, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Princess Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies, who were double first cousins.
Leopoldo married twice; first to Maria Anna of Saxony (with whom he had three children), and after her death in 1832, to Maria Antonia of the Two-Sicilies. By the latter, he begat ten children including his eventual successor, Ferdinando (IV).
Leopoldo spent his last years in Austria, and died in Rome on 29 January 1870, aged 72.
- parent->child relationship with Auguste Ferdinande, Archduchess of Austria (born 1 April 1825)
- parent->child relationship with Ferdinando IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (born 10 June 1835)
- parent->child relationship with Johann Salvator, Archduke of Austria (born 25 November 1852)
- parent->child relationship with Karl Salvator, Archduke of Austria (born 30 April 1839)
- parent->child relationship with Ludwig Salvator, Archduke of Austria (born 4 August 1847)
- parent->child relationship with Maria Isabella, Archduchess of Austria (born 21 May 1834)
- child->parent relationship with Ferdinando III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (born 6 May 1769)
- child->parent relationship with Luisa Maria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (born 27 July 1773)
- spouse relationship with Maria Antonia, Princess of the Two Sicilies (born 19 December 1814). Notes: 1833-1870
- sibling relationship with Francesco Leopoldo, Prince of Tuscany (born 15 December 1794)
- sibling relationship with Maria Teresa, Queen Consort of Sardinia (born 21 March 1801)
- Relationship : Marriage 28 October 1817 (Princess Maria Anna of Saxony, by proxy)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Relationship : Marriage 16 November 1817 (Princess Maria Anna of Saxony, in person)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Relationship : Marriage 7 June 1833 (Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Sy Scholfield quotes from "Leopoldo secondo" by Demo (Turin: Unione tipografico-editrice, 1861), pp. 3-4: "Un pezzetto di carta giallognola, grande appena quanto la quarta parte d'un foglio da lettere, portante l'orgoglioso titolo di Gazzetta Toscana, ed uscente alla luce in quattro paginette, il sabato d'ogni settimana, annunciava, sotto la data di martedì 3 ottobre 1797, ai fedelissimi sudditi di Ferdinando III, decimo granduca di Toscana, come, alle 11 ore antimeridiane , gli fosse stato partorito, in Firenze, un figlio dalla prima sua moglie, Maria Luisa di Napoli, al quale, dal compare lsidoro cappuccino, nella sala degli Stucchi in palazzo Pitti, vennero imposti i nomi di Leopoldo Giovanni Giuseppe Ferdinando Carlo."
(Translation: A piece of yellowish paper, bearing the proud title of Journal of Tuscany, only four pages published each Saturday, announced on Tuesday 3 October 1797, to the loyal subjects of Ferdinando III, tenth Grand Duke of Tuscany, that at 11 o'clock in the morning, in Florence, his first wife, Maria Luisa of Naples, gave birth to a son whom, by Isidoro Cappuccino, in the hall of the palazzo Pitti, received the names of Leopold Giovanni Giuseppe Ferdinando Carlo).
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Thirteen)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Habsburg-Lorraine)