Leopold II, King of Belgium
|Birthname||Léopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor|
|born on||9 April 1835 at 01:30 (= 01:30 AM )|
|Place||Brussels, Belgium, 50n50, 4e20|
|Timezone||LMT m4e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||18°28' 20°34 Asc. 06°34'|
Belgian royalty. Leopold II became king of the Belgians upon his father’s death, and he reigned from 1865-1909, a time of great industrial and colonial expansion.
Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor was the eldest son of Leopold I and his second wife, Marie-Louise. He was a member of the Belgian army, and in 1846, he became Duke of Brabant. After succeeding his father to the throne, the country underwent an escalating conflict between the Liberal and Catholic parties over education and suffrage issues; however, Leopold concentrated on a buildup of the nation’s defenses.
In 1876, efforts to colonize the "Dark Continent" of Africa began, and he turned to Sir Henry Stanley for help, employing him to acquire as much land in the Congo Basin as he could. Leopold intended to make this area into a private state under his exclusive ownership. Stanley was able to make numerous treaties with the natives in the Congo, and as a result, Leopold had a legitimate claim to the area. He named himself sovereign of the Congo Free State-Independent State of the Congo. Wanting to export the valuable resources of the area, he further financed explorations between 1879-84, despite the fact that much of Europe considered his acts to be atrocities.
Tens of thousands of people were murdered and died of European diseases, as well as being used as slaves at gunpoint to work brutally hard collecting ivory, tapping rubber, mining copper, building railroads and hauling raw material on their backs. Eventually Leopold lost his financial backing, and in 1908, was forced to sell his land to Belgium, which renamed the holdings the Belgian Congo.
In 1853, at age 18, Leopold married Maria Henrietta, daughter of the Austrian archduke Joseph, palatine of Hungary. It was a diplomatic arrangement between incompatible people who never did share love. They apparently went for some weeks after the marriage without having a sexual union. When they visited Queen Victoria on their honeymoon, she appraised the situation, concluding that they were too shy or inexperienced and had Prince Albert speak to them discretely about the facts of life. They proceeded to have a daughter, Louise, in 1858; a son, Leopold, in 1859; a second girl, Stephanie, in 1864; and a third, Clementine, in 1872. Sadly, their son died at the age of nine of pneumonia, leaving a nephew, Albert I, to succeed him as king. Leopold kept a series of young mistresses over the years.
He was the target of an assassination attempt on 11/15/1902. Leopold II died from a brain tumor on 12/17/1909, Laeken, Belgium.
- friend relationship with Thiriar, Jules (born 25 March 1846)
- parent->child relationship with Léopold of Belgium, Duke of Brabant (born 12 June 1859)
- parent->child relationship with Louise, Princess of Belgium (1858) (born 18 February 1858)
- parent->child relationship with Stéphanie, Princess of Belgium (born 21 May 1864)
- child->parent relationship with Leopold I, King of Belgium (born 16 December 1790)
- spouse relationship with Marie Henriette, Queen Consort of Belgium (born 23 August 1836). Notes: 1853-1902
- sibling relationship with Carlota, Empress of Mexico (born 7 June 1840)
- sibling relationship with Philippe, Count of Flanders (born 24 March 1837)
- sibling relationship with von Eppinghoven, Georges-Frédéric (born 14 November 1849). Notes: Half-sibling
- (has as) boss relationship with Girault, Charles-Louis (born 27 December 1851)
- Work : Gain social status 1846 (Duke of Brabant)
- Relationship : Marriage 1853 (Marie Henrietta)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1858 (Birth of daughter, Louise)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1859 (Birth of son Leopold)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1864 (Birth of daughter Stephanie)
- Work : Gain social status 1865 (King of Belgium, 44 years)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1872 (Birth of daughter, Clementine)
- Work : Begin Major Project 1876 (Tried to colonize Africa)
- Financial : Investments 1879 (Financed explorations, five years)
- Crime : Assault/ Battery Victimization 15 November 1902 (Assassination attempt)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Financial : Buy/Sell Property 1908 (Sold land to Belguim)
Luc De Marre quotes B.C. in Demain 11/1976
Sy Scholfield quotes news report for 10:15pm in the German newspaper, Der Rheinbayer, 16 April 1835, p. 184: "9 April 1835, ... Die Königin ist um 10¼ Uhr [Abend] vom einem Prinzen entbunden worden." Same time in the Belgian book, "Annuaire de l'Ordre judiciaire du Royaume de Belgique, Volume 2" by H. J. Ghiesbregth (Bruxelles: J. De Mat, 1836), p. 8: "Léopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor, né le 9 avril 1835 à 10 1/4 heures du soir."
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Brain (Tumor, terminal)
- Family : Relationship : Married early less than 18 (Age 18)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (Several mistresses)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four, three daughters and one son)
- Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Son died)
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Assault/ Battery victim (Attempted assassintaion)
- Vocation : Military : Military career (Army)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Belgium)