|Birthname||Johann Ferdinand Kutter|
|born on||12 December 1894 at 19:30 (= 7:30 PM )|
|Place||Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 49n36, 6e09|
|Timezone||LMT m6e09 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||20°48' 20°25 Asc. 05°23'|
Luxembourg artist considered one of his country's most important painters. He was greatly influenced by the Impressionists but developed his own distinctive Expressionist style. In Kutter's paintings, the subjects often stand in the foreground as if being photographed. His portraits, painted with strong brushstrokes, typically show figures with excessively large noses, always attracting attention.
From 1919, after being strongly influenced by Cézanne, he presented his paintings at the Secessionist exhibitions in Munich. Although he returned to Luxembourg in 1924, he continued to exhibit in Munich until 1932 as a result of the negative criticism his nude paintings received in his home town. From 1925, he became increasingly interested in Flemish Expressionism which was flourishing in Belgium and France. Encouraged by André de Ridder, a Belgian art critic and strong supporter of Expressionism, Kutter participated in the 1926 Salon d'Automne in Paris. The same year, he became a founding member of the avant-garde Luxembourg secession movement, exhibiting at its salon in 1927.
In 1933, he ceased exhibiting in Germany after being considered a degenerate as Hitler gained power. In 1936, he was commissioned to paint two large works of "Luxembourg" and "Clervaux" for the French International Exposition. While he was working on them, he began to suffer from a painful disease which the doctors were unable to diagnose. Later, during his better periods, he painted his clowns which reveal his suffering and anxiety. He died on 2 January 1941 in Luxembourg City.
- associate relationship with Cito, Claus (born 26 May 1882)
- associate relationship with Klopp, Nico (born 18 September 1894)
- associate relationship with Trémont, Auguste (born 31 December 1892)
Birth certificate (acte n° 449) provided by Sy Scholfield.
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (Painter)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession (International artist)