Khayam, Omar

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Portrait of Omar Khayam (click to view image source)
Omar Khayam
(to view image author and license, click here)
Khayam, Omar Gender: M
born on 21 May 1048 Jul.Cal. at 04:41 (= 04:41 AM )
Place Neyshabur, Iran, 36n12, 58e50
Timezone LMT m58e50 (is local mean time)
Data source
Date in question
Rodden Rating XX
Collector: Blackwell
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 05°14' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 04°49 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 03°01'


Persian poet, astronomer and mathematician. His one long poem, The Rubiyat, brought him lasting fame. He composed more than 750 four-line verses. As royal astronomer, he changed the Persian calendar, and also wrote an Arabic book on algebra.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Source Notes

Various source Notes: Juan Revilla gave a reference from a book by L.P. Elwell-Sutton, "The Horoscope of Asadullah Mirza", Leiden, 1977, page 3, where there is quote of a book written by a certain Baihaqi, called "Tatimma Siwan al-Hikma," stating that "His Ascendant was Gemini. The Sun and Mercury were on the degree of the Ascendant in the third degree of Gemini. Mercury was Cazimi and Jupiter was in trine with both."

Revilla writes, "This short quote allowed scholars to date exactly Khayyam's horoscope: May 21, 1048. Elwell-Sutton explains that the source of the quote is E. Denison Ross and H.A.R. Gibb, "The Earliest Account of "Umar Khayyam" (B.S.O.S., v, 1928-30, p.471) (I don't know what the initials mean, this is how it appears in Elwell-Sutton's book). They had discarded it as supplementary astronomical data, and it was Swami Govinda Tirtha (in "The Nectar of Grace, Allahabad, 1941, pp.xxxii-xli) the first to note that the quote contained in it the exact date and time, unknown until then.

Revilla continues, Baihaqi was one of the greatest classical writers of Persian prose literature of the Seljuq Era, i.e., the same era in which Omar Khayyam lived. His "History of the Gaznavids" is called "one of the four great masterpieces of early Persian prose", so we can safely assume that he was a contemporary of Omar Khayyam, and very possibly had Khayyam's horoscope in front of him. His testimony on the horoscope of Omar

Khayyam has authority and has been widely accepted by modern scholars, after it was shown by Swami Govinda Tirtha in 1941 (the book mentioned) that the testimony contained implicitly the exact date of his birth.

"Done with modern standards (Khayyam was born in Naishapur in Khorassan), the conjunction is less exact, but Mercury appears in exact conjunction with Venus, compensating the excess of intellect. From his poetry, one can guess that the date is probably the 19th, with the Moon in Cancer and not in Gemini. [ref. "ACT" mailing list, 1 July 2000]

(Formerly, Arthur Blackwell gave May 18,1048 OS, (May 24 NS), 4:50 AM LMT, source unknown.

Van Norstrand in AJA Spring/1937, "From the chart I have, the astrologer supposed he was born a few minutes after sunset, July 20, 1050 OS, July 25 NS, Khorassan, Persia, 58 E.00, 35 N.00."

Fagan in AQ Spring/1937 stated that July 25, 1050 was OS and July 31, NS. In AA April/1940 he asks Van Norstrand for his historical source and validation. Response not on record.

Penfield Collection gives May 18, 1048 OS, 4:18 AM LMT, Nishapur "from an old book on Hindu astrology."

World Book Encyclopedia gives "?", Americana Encyclopedia gives "about 1132.")


  • Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Genius)
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet
  • Notable : Book Collection : American Book