Hamengkubuwono IX, Sultan of Yogyakarta

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Name
Hamengkubuwono IX, Sultan of Yogyakarta Gender: M
born on 12 April 1912 at 22:30 (= 10:30 PM )
Place Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 7s48, 110e22
Timezone LST m106e48 (is standard time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 22°21' s_mo.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 25°16 Asc.s_capcol.18.gif 04°31'



Sultan of Yogyakarta Hamengkubuwono IX (1973)

Biography

Indonesian politician, the first Governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta (1945-1988), the second Vice President of Indonesia (1973-1978) and the ninth Sultan of Yogyakarta (1940-1988) during the rule of Suharto.

Born to Gusti Pangeran Haryo (Prince) Puruboyo and Raden Ajeng (Lady) Kustillah, when he was three years old he was named Crown Prince to the Yogyakarta Sultanate after his father ascended to the throne and became Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII.

Hamengkubuwono IX had a Western education. When he was four, he was sent away to live with a Dutch family. After completing his primary and secondary education in 1931, Hamengkubuwono IX left Indonesia to attend the Leiden University in the Netherlands where he took up Indonesian studies and economics. He returned to Indonesia in 1939.

With the death of Hamengkubuwono VIII in October 1939, Hamengkubuwono ascended to the throne of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta with a coronation ceremony on 18 March 1940. In May 1940, the Dutch surrendered to the German Army, and in February 1942, the Netherlands surrendered Indonesia to the invading Japanese army. During Hamengkubuwono IX's reign the office of the Sultan adopted a more democratic and decentralized approach.

Directly after the declaration of Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, Hamengkubuwono IX together with Paku Alam VIII, the Prince of Pakualaman decided to support the newly formed Republic. Hamengkubuwono IX's support was immediately recognized by the Central Government with an appointment to the Life-Governorship of Yogyakarta with Paku Alam VIII as Vice Governor. Yogyakarta's status was also upgraded to that of Special Region. In addition, Hamengkubuwono IX served as Yogyakarta's Military Governor and was also Minister of the State from 1945–49.

The Dutch returned to lay claim to their former colony. Hamengkubuwono IX played a vital role in the resistance. In early 1946, the capital of Indonesia was quietly relocated to Yogyakarta, in that time the Sultan gave the new government some funds. On 21 December 1948, the Dutch successfully occupied Yogyakarta and arrested Sukarno and Hatta, Indonesia's first President and Vice President. Hamengkubuwono IX did not leave Yogyakarta and continued to serve as Governor.

On 1 March 1949 at 6 am, Suharto and his troops launched the 1 March General Offensive. The Offensive caught the Dutch by surprise. For his part, Hamengkubuwono IX allowed his palace to be used as a hideout for the troops. For 6 hours, the Indonesian troops had control of Yogyakarta before finally retreating. The Offensive was a great success, inspiring demoralized troops all around Indonesia. On 30 June 1949, the retreating Dutch forces handed over authority over Yogyakarta back to Hamengkubuwono.

Hamengkubuwono IX served in the Indonesian Government as Minister of Defense and Homeland Security Coordinator (1949–1951 and 1953), Vice Premier (1951), Chairman of the State Apparatus Supervision (1959), Chairman of the State Audit Board (1960–1966), and Coordinating Minister for Development while concurrently holding the position of Minister of Tourism (1966).

In 1966, Hamengkubuwono IX was appointed Minister of Economics, Finance, and Industry and charged with rectifying Indonesia's Economic problems. He would hold this position until 1973.

In March 1973, Hamengkubuwono IX was elected as Vice President alongside Suharto who had also been re-elected to a 2nd term as President. As Vice President, Hamengkubuwono IX was put in charge of welfare and was also given the duty of supervising economic development.

In March 1978, Hamengkubuwono rejected his nomination as Vice President by the MPR, because he was disallusioned with Suharto's increasing authoritarianism and increasing corruption.

During a visit to Washington D.C., United States in 1988, Hamengkubuwono IX experienced a sudden internal bleeding and he died at the George Washington University Medical Center on 1 October 1988.

Hamengkubuwono IX never had a Queen Consort during his reign; preferring instead to take four concubines from which he had 21 children.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Social : Return Home 1939 (From study in Holland)
  • Work : Gain social status 18 March 1940 (Coronation ceremony)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 17 August 1945 (Governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 24 March 1973 (Vice President of Indonesia)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from "Takhta untuk rakyat: celah-celah kehidupan Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX" [Throne of the people: The Life of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX] (Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2011), pp. 7-8: "Ternyata pada pukul 22.30 malam itu lahir seorang putra ... Demikianlah Dorodjatun dilahirkan pada hari Sabtu Paings, tanggal 12 April 1912."

Translation: 'At 22.30 that night a son was born ... prince Dorodjatun on Saturday 12 April 1912.'

Categories

  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Four concubines)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Twenty-one)
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Hobbies, games (Cooking)
  • Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Fundamentalist/ Islam (Sunni Islam/ Kejawen)
  • Vocation : Politics : Heads of state (Vice President of Indonesia, 1973-1978)
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office (Governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, 1945-1988)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (Sultan of Yogyakarta, 1940-1988)