|Birthname||Paul Guillaume André Gide|
|born on||22 November 1869 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20|
|Timezone||LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||29°53' 02°35 Asc. 11°44'|
French writer, a novelist, essayist, critic, playwright and leader of French liberal thought who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1947. One of the founders of the monthly magazine, La Nouvelle Revue Francaise, he was controversial in his time for his frank defense of homosexuality (he was probably bisexual), and for his occasional espousals (and later disavowals) of communism. His major novels are "The Immoralist," 1902, "Lafcadio’s Adventure," 1914 and "The Counterfeiters," 1926. He drew upon his own experience and concerns in a search for new ethics to replace prejudice.
Andre Paul Guillaume Gide was raised in a family dominated by women as his father had died when he was 11. He attended various French schools, and published his first work in 1891, "Les Cahiers d’Andre Walter" ("The Notebooks of Andre Walter"), and a number of other works thereafter at his own expense. When "Fruits of the Earth" appeared in 1897, it was the most extreme example of Gide’s attraction to poetic prose, and was a breakthrough for Gide in its celebration of the senses.
Gide's preoccupation with individual moral responsibilities led him to seek public office. After filling municipal positions in Normandy, he became a special envoy of the colonial ministry, 1925-1926 and wrote two books describing conditions in the French African colonies. These books, released in 1927, were instrumental in bringing about reforms in the French colony law. His work continued in novels, plays, critical studies and poetry.
Between 1933 and 1936, Gide made antifascist speeches and wrote articles, and presided at various leftist meetings. In 1936, however, a disillusioning trip to Soviet Russia changed his outlook.
His mother died on 10/8/1895, and two weeks later, after inheriting a considerable fortune, he married his cousin, Madeleine Rondeaux and soon returned to Algiers. It was said to have been an unconsummated marriage. When Madeleine discovered his predilection for homosexuality, she fled to the estate in Cuverville and Gide began his extensive travels. She died in 1938, unaware that in 1923, Gide had fathered a daughter, Catherine, more or less as a favor to the child’s mother, Elisabeth van Rysselberghe.
Gide died in Paris on 2/19/1951. "I love life passionately," he wrote, "But I don't trust it."
- associate relationship with Jammes, Francis (born 2 December 1868)
- associate relationship with Perse, Saint-John (born 31 May 1887)
- friend relationship with Giono, Jean (born 30 March 1895)
- friend relationship with Golberg, Mécislas (born 21 October 1868)
- friend relationship with Raverat, Jacques (born 20 March 1885)
- friend relationship with Sternheim, Thea (born 25 November 1883)
- lover relationship with Allégret, Marc (born 23 December 1900). Notes: circa 1915-1927
- lover relationship with Last, Jef (born 2 May 1898)
- Work : Start Business 1909 (Monthly magazine)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1923 (Daughter Catherine born)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1927 (Books released on colonial policies)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1936 (Released his book on his travels to U.S.S.R.)
- Death of Mate 1938 (Madeleine)
- Work : Prize 1947 (Nobel Prize for Literature)
Gauquelin Vol. 6/364
Sy Scholfield downloaded the birth certificate from Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Acte_de_naissance_d%27Andr%C3%A9_Gide.jpg
- Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event (Age 11 when dad died)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One, seperated)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One illigitimate daughter)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Inheritance (Fortune from his mom)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Travel
- Passions : Sexuality : Bi-Sexual
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 81)
- Vocation : Business : Business owner (Monthly magazine)
- Vocation : Politics : Government employee (Special envoy to the colonies in Africa)
- Vocation : Writers : Critic
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Literature)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book