|born on||21 February 1962 at 15:45 (= 3:45 PM )|
|Place||München, Germany, 48n08, 11e34|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||02°30' 24°46 Asc. 11°42'|
German radio, television, film, and musical character, and one of the most popular characters in children's entertainment in Germany. Several generations have now grown up with the cheeky but funny little Kobold.
A kobold is a sprite stemming from Germanic mythology and surviving into modern times in German folklore. Pumuckl is a descendant of the dynasty of the Klabautermänner, water kobolds that assist sailors and fishermen on the Baltic and North Sea in their duties. He is invisible to people around him except for the master carpenter Eder with whom Pumuckl lives.
He was invented in 1961 by the German novelist Ellis Kaut after she wrote a short story about a naughty demon for a radio drama series on Bavarian Radio. The first episode of the show was broadcast on 21 February 1962 at 3:45pm and the last episode was broadcast on 30 December 1973. A total of 90 episodes were created. Pumuckl's naughty character was an immediate success among the young audience.
In 1963, a competition was held at Munich's graphic art academy which focused on the creation of Pumuckl's appearance. The winner was Barbara von Johnson. In 1965 Pumuckl's first book was published, with illustrations made by Johnson. Between 1965 and 1978, ten books which consisted of 60 stories were published by the publisher Stuttgart-Herald.
Between 1979 and 1982 the first Pumuckl feature film was released under the title Meister Eder und sein Pumuckl (Meister Eder and his Pumuckl). Pumuckl appears in the film and in all the subsequently films and TV series, as a cartoon character in a real environment.
The first season of the TV series of the same name was broadcast on Bavarian television as a German-Hungarian co-production during 1982-1983 and consisted of 26 half-hour episodes. The second season of the series which was broadcast during 1988-1989 consisted of another 26 episodes.
In 1994, a feature film Pumuckl und der blaue Klabauter (Pumuckl and the blue Klabauter) was released, followed by the TV show Pumuckl TV (1995-2007), a Pumuckl musical Meister Eder und sein Pumuckl (Meister Eder and his Pumuckl, Munich, from 21 October 2000) and a 2003 feature film Pumuckl und sein Zirkusabenteuer (Pumuckl and his circus adventures, produced between 1999 and 2003.
Sy Scholfield quotes from news report marking Pumuckl's 55th birthday: "55 Jahre „Der Kobold mit dem roten Haar“ – Pumuckl feiert Geburtstag," muenchen.tv, 20 Feb 2017 : "Am 21. Feburar 1962 um 15:45 Uhr läuft schließlich die erste Folge des Pumuckl-Hörspiels im Bayerischen Rundfunk" (On 21 February 1962 at 15:45 hrs the first episode of the Pumuckl radio play was broadcast on Bayerischer Rundfunk).
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