Chamberland, Charles

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Chamberland, Charles Gender: M
born on 12 March 1851 at 10:00 (= 10:00 AM )
Place Chilly-le-Vignoble, France, 46n3930, 5e3002
Timezone LMT m5e3002 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Lescaut
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 21°15' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 10°14 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 17°03'



Charles Chamberland (circa 1880)

Biography

French microbiologist who worked with Louis Pasteur. In 1884 he developed a type of filtration known today as the Chamberland filter or Chamberland-Pasteur filter, a device that made use of an unglazed porcelain bar. The filter had pores that were smaller than bacteria, thus making it possible to pass a solution containing bacteria through the filter, and having the bacteria completely removed from the solution. Chamberland was also credited for starting a research project that led to the invention of the autoclave device in 1879.

He worked with Pasteur and came up, by chance, with a vaccine for chicken cholera. He went away on holiday, forgetting to inject the disease into some chickens as he had been told. When he came back he saw the jar of bacteria sitting on the side and thought he would inject it into the chickens anyway. To his amazement they did not die. He reported this to Pasteur, who told him to inject a fresh form into the chickens. He went on to injecting the fresh form into same chickens, and they didn't die. He had found a vaccine. They had also discovered that a weakened form of a disease can act as a vaccine.

He died on 2 May 1908, aged 57, in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • associate relationship with Duclaux, Émile (born 24 June 1840). Notes: Co-publisher
  • business associate/partner relationship with Pasteur, Louis (born 27 December 1822)

Events

Source Notes

Grazia Bordoni's Science file quotes Lescaut.

Categories

  • Vocation : Science : Biology (Microbiologist)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Vaccine for chicken cholera)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Chamberland filter)