Bauer, Wilhelm

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Bauer, Wilhelm Gender: M
born on 23 December 1822 at 05:15 (= 05:15 AM )
Place Dillingen/Donau, Germany, 48n35, 10e30
Timezone LMT m10e30 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Müller
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 00°52' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 20°52 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 28°08'

Wilhelm Bauer


German inventor and engineer, who built several hand-powered submarines.

In 1850 Bauer built his first submarine, Le Plongeur-Marin (“The Marine Diver”), which in February 1851 sank in 50 feet (15 m) of water during a test dive in Kiel Harbour, trapping Bauer and his two crewmen. Although Bauer realized the hatch could be opened when the pressure of the air inside the hull, compressed by water leaking into the submarine, matched the water pressure outside, he had difficulty preventing his crew from panicking. When the pressure was at last equalized, the hatch was opened and the men swam to the surface, emerging, after 7 1/2 hours below, in the midst of their own funeral services.

In 1855, sponsored by Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, Bauer built the 52-foot iron submarine Le Diable-Marin (“The Marine Devil”), carrying a crew of 11, 4 of whom worked a treadmill that drove a screw propeller. Through windows in this submarine Bauer made what were probably the first underwater photographs. He also experimented with underwater sound for signaling and with a system for purifying the air in submerged craft.

Discouraged by conservative naval officers, Bauer left Russia in 1858 but was unable to find other sponsors. In 1869 ill health forced his retirement in Munich.

He died 20 June 1875, Munich.

Link to Wikipedia biography


Source Notes

Arno Müller, vol 2


  • Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind
  • Vocation : Engineer : Other Engineer (hydraulics and ship construction)
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Creativity
  • Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Meritorious achievement
  • Notable : Famous : First in Field
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure (inventor)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator