Allen, Richard

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Name
Allen, Richard Gender: M
born on 14 February 1760 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )
Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 39n57, 75w10
Timezone LMT m75w10 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aqucol.18.gif 25°08' s_mo.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 23°02 Asc.s_sagcol.18.gif 06°26'



Richard Allen (1891)

Biography

American minister, educator, writer, and one of his country's most active and influential black leaders. In 1794 he founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. He opened his first AME church in 1794 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Elected the first bishop of the AME Church in 1816, Allen focused on organizing a denomination where free blacks could worship without racial oppression and where slaves could find a measure of dignity. He worked to upgrade the social status of the black community, organizing Sabbath schools to teach literacy and promoting national organizations to develop political strategies.

Allen's first wife was named Flora. They were married on 19 October 1790. She worked very closely with him during the early years of establishing the church from 1787 to 1799. They attended church school and worked together purchasing land, which was eventually donated to the church or rented out to families. Flora Allen died on 11 March 1801, after a long illness. Scholars do not know if they had any children. After moving to Philadelphia, Allen married Sarah Bass, a freed slave from Virginia. She had moved to Philadelphia as a child and the couple met around 1800. Richard and Sarah Allen had six children. Sarah Allen was highly active in what became the AME Church and is called the "Founding Mother".

Allen died at home on Spruce Street, Philadelphia, on 26 March 1831, aged 71.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes from "Freedom’s Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers" by Richard S. Newman (NYU Press, 2008), p. 27: "Philadelphia ... A few weeks later, on February 14, 1760, at two o'clock in the morning, an enslaved child was born to a woman in the possession of a prosperous local attorney. ... the black babe ... later took the name Richard Allen."

Categories

  • Traits : Body : Race (Black)
  • Family : Childhood : Other Childhood (Born into slavery)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Six)
  • Vocation : Education : Administrator
  • Vocation : Religion : Ecclesiastics/ western (Minister)
  • Vocation : Religion : Other Religion (Church founder)
  • Vocation : Writers : Other Writers
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (African Methodist Episcopal Church)