Abdul Hamid II, Sultan

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Name
Abdul Hamid II, Sultan Gender: M
Abdul Hamid bin Abdul Mecid
born on 21 September 1842 at 19:00 (= 7:00 PM )
Place Constantinople, Turkey, 41n01, 28e58
Timezone LMT m28e58 (is local mean time)
Data source
Accuracy in question
Rodden Rating C
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 28°16' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 19°36 Asc.s_aricol.18.gif 25°53'



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Sultan Abdul Hamid II (Official Portrait at Balmoral Castle in 1867)

Biography

Ottoman ruler, the 34th and the last Sultan of the Empire, who exerted effective autocratic control over the fracturing state. He oversaw a period of decline in the power and extent of the Ottoman Empire, including widespread pogroms and government-sanctioned massacres of Armenians and Bulgarians, as well as an assassination attempt, ruling from 31 August 1876 until he was deposed shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, on 27 April 1909. In accordance with an agreement made with the republican Young Ottomans, he promulgated the first Ottoman constitution of 1876 on 23 December 1876, which was a sign of progressive thinking that marked his early rule. Later, however, he claimed Western influence on Ottoman affairs and citing disagreements with Parliament, suspended both the short-lived constitution and Parliament in 1878 seized absolute power, ending the First Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire. Abdul Hamid's 1909 removal from the throne was supported by most Ottoman citizens, who welcomed the return to constitutional rule after three decades.

Abroad, Abdul Hamid was nicknamed the Red Sultan or Abdul the Damned due to the massacres committed against minorities during his rule and use of secret police to silence dissent and republicanism. These initiatives led to an assassination attempt in 1905, contributing to the sultan's worsening paranoia until his eventual removal from the throne.

Abdul Hamid II had thirteen wives and seventeen children.

He spent his last days studying, carpentering and writing his memoirs in custody at Beylerbeyi Palace in the Bosphorus, where he died on 10 February 1918, just a few months before his brother, the Sultan.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • sibling relationship with Mehmed V, Sultan (born 2 November 1844). Notes: Half-brothers

Events

Source Notes

Originally this entry had 22 Sept, 10:40pm, rated C, quoting Sabian Symbols No.2.

On 30 May 2017 the date and time were changed, with Sy Scholfield quoting news reports: from "La Presse," 16 October 1842, pp. 2-3: "Constantinople, 27 septembre... Mercredi, dans l'après-midi, une des sultanes est accouchée d'un prince, qui a reçu le nom de Abdul-Hamid." (Constantinople, 27 September: On Wednesday [21st], in the after-noon, one of the sultanas was delivered of a prince, who received the name of Abdul-Hamid); and from "Wiener Zeitung," 12 Oct 1842, p. 3: "Constaninopel, 28. September. Am 22sten Morgens verkündigten Artillerie salven die in der vorherge henden Nacht erfolgte Geburt eines Prinzen, dem der Nahme Abdulhamid beygelegt worden ist." (Constantinople, 28 September. On the morning of the 22nd, a salvo of artillery proclaimed the birth of a prince in the preceding night, named Abdulhamid).

A birth time of 7pm is speculative based on the given times of "after-noon" and "night".


Categories

  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Thirteen)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Seventeen)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Exiled to Salonica)
  • Vocation : Politics : Heads of state (34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (Ottoman dynasty, Turkey)