|born on||23 December 1888 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Neuwied, Germany, 50n25, 7e27|
|Timezone||LMT m7e27 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||01°46' 23°51 Asc. 03°30'|
German doctor, writer and diplomat.
Wolf was the son of a Jewish merchant. From 1907 until 1912 he studied medicine, philosophy and art history in Munich, Tübingen, Bonn, and Berlin and became a doctor in 1913. In 1914 he worked first as a ship's doctor on the route between Canada, Greenland and the United States, and then in the same year became a field doctor on the Western Front in World War I; this experience made him a strong opponent of war. In 1917 he published his first prose pieces.
In 1918 he became a member of the Workers Council in Dresden and joined the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany. After the war he worked as a doctor in Remscheid and Hechingen, where he focused on care for common people and prescribed treatment using naturopathic medicine. In 1923 and 1925 his sons Markus and Konrad were born. After 1928 he became a member of the Communist Party and the Association of Proletarian-Revolutionary Authors. In 1929 his drama "Cyankali" sparked a debate about abortion, and he was briefly arrested and charged for performing abortions.
In early 1932 he founded the Spieltrupp Südwest in Stuttgart, a communist agitprop group of lay actors that created controversial pieces about current topics.
After the Nazis came to power, Wolf emigrated with his family to Moscow. In 1938 he made his way to Spain to work as a doctor in the International Brigades. However, he was arrested in France and interned in the concentration camp Le Vernet. In 1941 he gained Soviet citizenship and returned to Moscow where he became a founder of the National Committee for a Free Germany (NKFD).
In 1945 he returned to Germany and was active in literary and cultural-political issues. From 1949 to 1951 he was the first ambassador of East Germany to Poland. On October 5, 1953, he died in his personal office in Lehnitz.
Sy Scholfield cites birth certificate no. 304 quoted in "Friedrich Wolf: eine Biographie" by Walther Pollatschek (Aufbau-Verlag, 1965), p. 7: "Geburtsurkunde Nr. 304. Neuwied, am 27. Dezember 1888 Vor dem unterzeichneten Standesbeamten erschien heute, der Persönlichkeit nach bekannt, der Kaufmann Meier genannt Max Wolf, wohnhaft zu Neuwied, Luisenplatz No.42, israelitischer Religion, und zeigte an, daß von der Ida Wolf geborene Meyer, seiner Ehefrau, israelitischer Religion, wohnhaft bei ihm, zu Neuwied in seiner Wohnung, am dreiundzwanzigsten Dezember des Jahres tausend achthundert achtzig und acht - vormittags um drei Uhr ein Kind männlichen Geschlechts geboren worden sei, welches den Vornamen Fritz erhalten habe." [Abridged translation: Neuwied, on 27 December 1888, before the undersigned registrar appeared today the merchant Meier called Max Wolf, who stated that Ida Wolf Meyer, his wife, residing with him at Neuwied, on the twenty-third of December in the year eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, at three o'clock in the morning, gave birth to a male child, named Fritz.]
- Vocation : Healing Fields : Alternative methods (Naturopathy)
- Vocation : Medical : Physician
- Vocation : Medical : Surgeon (Abortionist)
- Vocation : Military : Military service (Field doctor)
- Vocation : Politics : Diplomat (Ambassador of East Germany to Poland)
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction