Von Görres, Johann Joseph
|born on||25 January 1776 at 12:00 (= 12:00 noon )|
|Place||Koblenz, Germany, 50n21, 7e35|
|Timezone||LMT m7e35 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||05°11' 05°35 Asc. 03°51'|
German Romantic writer who was one of the leading figures of Roman Catholic political journalism.
Görres was sympathetic to the ideals of the French Revolution and published a republican journal, Das rote Blatt (“The Red Page”; renamed Rübezahl), in 1799. After an unsuccessful visit to Paris in 1799 as a political negotiator for the Rhenish provinces, he became disillusioned and withdrew from active politics. He taught natural science in Koblenz and then lectured at Heidelberg (1806–07), where he became acquainted with the leaders of the second phase of German Romanticism, He edited the Zeitung für Einsiedler (“Journal for Hermits,” renamed Tröst Einsamkeit; “Consolation Solitude”), which became the organ for the Heidelberg Romantics. His study of German folk literature, which had been awakened by this contact with the Romantic movement, produced Die teutschen Volksbücher (1807; “The German Chapbooks”), a collection of late medieval narrative prose that became a significant work of the Romantic movement. He also expressed the characteristically Romantic fascination with Asia in his Mythengeschichte der asiatischen Welt (1810; “Mythical Stories of the Asiatic World”).
In 1808 Görres returned to Koblenz, where he lived quietly until the national struggle against Napoleon led him to found the newspaper Rheinische Merkur (1814). Considered to be the most influential journal of the time, it turned first against Napoleon and, after his fall, against the reactionary politics of the German states, which led to its suppression in 1816. With the publication of his pamphlet “Teutschland und die Revolution” (1819; “Germany and the Revolution”), he was forced to flee to Strasbourg and to Switzerland, where he lived in poverty for several years. In 1824 he formally returned to the Roman Catholic Church and in 1827 became professor of history at the University of Munich, where he formed a circle of liberal Roman Catholic scholars. A vigorous Catholic spokesman in several controversies, he wrote the monumental Christliche Mystik, 4 vol. (1836–42; “Christian Mysticism”). In 1876 the Görres Society was founded in his honor to advance Roman Catholic studies.
Görres received the Order of Merit from the king.
He died 29 January 1848, Munich.
Thomas Ring, vol 3
- Vocation : Writers : Columnist/ journalist
- Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy